Engineering Graphics PDF First Year Notes and Study Material Free Download

Engineering Graphics Pdf First Year Notes: Here, you will find some notes for Engineering Graphics for the first year. Every milestone in life is extremely important, and starting the first year of college is also the same. Adding to this life milestone, it can be confusing and frustrating when we do not exactly know how to go about studying or preparing for exams in college.

You do not need to worry, however, because we have provided you with notes in Engineering Graphics PDF First Year. These notes are entirely free and fully downloadable with no extra conditions. Students can refer to the Big Data Lecture Notes For CSE as per the latest and updated syllabus from this article.

The importance of having PDF notes is manifold, as when you have notes that have already been formulated for you, the only thing left for you as a student to focus on is studying the notes. So, be sure to make full use of all the materials we have provided for you, as it will pay off during your exams.

Introduction to Engineering Graphics PDF First Year Notes

Engineering Graphics is an incredibly important study in the field of technology and engineering. Engineering Graphics is the branch of engineering which deals with how to draw technical objects before they can be built or engineered.

Some would say that Engineering Graphics is like the architecture of the construction industry. By this, we mean how construction workers construct the building, but it is designed by the architect. Similarly, machines and technological objects are built by engineers, and the design is laid out by the Engineering Graphic designers.

Here are some of the important Engineering Graphics PDF First Year notes to help you best prepare for your exams when the time comes:

  • Engineering Graphics Notes
  • Engineering Graphics Lecture Notes
  • Engineering Graphics Notes 1st Year
  • Books Engineering Graphics Notes 1st Year PDF
  • Engineering Graphics 1st Semester
  • Engineering Graphics Handwritten Notes 1st Sem
  • BE Bachelor of Engineering Graphics PDF First Year Notes – Free Download

BE Bachelor of Engineering Graphics PDF First Year Notes – Free Download

Engineering Graphics focuses on studying various components of design elements that extend to the study of engineering. Some of the concepts that the subject Engineering Graphics essentially studies are as follows:

  • Accurate freehand sketching
  • Plane surfaces
  • Plane figures
  • Solid figures
  • Surface development
  • Isometric and perspective projections
  • Various other concepts around solids and planes

Engineering Graphics Reference Books

Recognizing the importance of reference books in the life of a student is vital to so many proportions. With reference books, a student need not scour through an entire textbook, maybe sometimes even missing out on important points, because reference books have all the important points, important questions, important notes, etc. all in the midst of a few hundred pages.

The following is a list of some of the important Engineering Graphics reference books for the use of the student:

  • Manual of Engineering Drawing: Technical Product Specification and Documentation to British and International Standards by Colin Simmons, Dennis Maguire, and Neil Phelps
  • Engineering Drawing and Design by David Madsen
  • Engineering Drawing by V.R. Gupta
  • A Textbook of Engineering Drawing by Ramakant Rama and Roop Lal
  • Basic Engineering Drawing by R.S. Rhodes and L.B Cook
  • Engineering Graphics by T. Jeyapoovan and S. Gowri
  • Fundamentals of Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing by Alex Krulikowski
  • Engineering Drawing Text Book by N.D. Bhatt and V.M. Panchal
  • Technical Drawing with Engineering Graphics by Frederick Giesecke and Ivan Hill
  • Machine Drawing by N. Sidheshwar and P. Kannaiah
  • Engineering Drawing and Graphics by K. Venugopal
  • Engineering Graphics by B. Bhattacharyya
  • A Textbook of Machine Design by J.K. Gupta and R.S. Khurmi

First-Year Engineering Graphics Curriculum

The First-Year Engineering Graphics curriculum consists of most of the basics for continuation of the course in Engineering Graphics. It is aimed at providing students with a strong base to continue the next few years of their studies in Engineering Graphics.

The following is Engineering Graphics curriculum for the first year. Please note that the pre-first unit for First-Year Engineering Graphics, which is Concepts and Conventions, is only there for the understanding of the student. It will not be tested for in the examination, but is only part of the curriculum to broaden the base of the engineering design student.



Concepts and Conventions

  • Importance of graphics in engineering
  • Use of drafting instruments
  • BIS conventions & specifications
  • Drawing sheets
    • Size
    • Layout
    • Folding
  • Lettering & dimensioning

Unit I: Plane Curves & Freehand Sketching

  • Basic geometrical constructions
  • Curves used in engineering practises
    • Conics
  • Constructions by eccentricity method
    • Ellipse
    • Parabola
    • Hyperbola
  • Construction of cycloid
  • Constructions of involutes of square & circle
  • Drawings
    • Tangents
    • Normal to the curves
  • Concept visualisations & visualisation principles
  • Freehand sketching
  • Representation of three-dimensional objects
  • Layout of views
    • Freehand sketching of multiple views from pictorial views of objects

Unit II: Projection of Points, Lines & Plane Surface

  • Orthographic projection & its principles
    • Principal planes
    • First angle projection
    • Projection of points
  • Projection of straight lines (First Angle Projections) inclined to both the principal planes
  • Rotating Line Method
  • Rotating Object Method

Unit III: Projection of Solids

  • Projection of simple solids
    • Prisms
    • Pyramids
    • Cylinder
    • Cone
    • Truncated solids

Unit IV: Projection of Sectioned Solids and Development of Surfaces

  • Sectioning of simple solids (of Unit III) in simple vertical position when planes are perpendicular.
    • Obtaining the true shapes
  • Development of lateral surfaces
    • Simple solids
    • Sectioned solids

Unit V: Isometric and Perspective Projections

  • Principles of isometric projection
  • Isometric scale
  • Isometric projections of simple solids and truncated solids
  • Combination of two solid objects in simple vertical positions
  • Perspective projection of simple solids by visual ray method

List of Engineering Graphics Important Questions

With Engineering Graphics reference books and Engineering Graphics curriculum aside, let us now move on to another component which is incredibly important in the life of a student: list of Engineering Graphics important questions.

In the preparation of exams, important questions play a crucial role in helping students understand what kind of questions will be in the question paper. Knowing this kind of information allows a student to prepare for the exam in the appropriate manner to answer those questions.

The following is a list of Engineering Graphics important questions that will be useful while studying. There are some important questions from each unit, and the other questions are also based on these.

Unit I: Plane Curves & Freehand Sketching

  1. Construct a cycloid for one and a half revolutions when the radius of the generating circle is 75mm.
  2. Draw the front, top and side view of the given image with the given dimensions.
  3. Construct a hyperbola when distance between focus and directrix is 45mm and eccentricity is 5/4. Construct the tangent and normal at any point of the curve too.

Unit II: Projection of Points, Lines & Plane Surfaces

  1. A line AB which is 65mm long has its ending A 10mm above HP and 25mm ahead of VP. With an inclination of 65° to HP and 25° to VP, draw its projections.
  2. A room is of dimensions 4.8m × 4.2m × 3.6m high. Graphically determine the distance between a top corner and the bottom corner which would be diagonally opposite to it.
  3. Draw the projection of the following points while providing 30mm space between each with proper dimensions:
    • A is 35mm above HP and 45mm in front of VP.
    • B is 40mm above HP and in VP.
    • C is in HP and 45mm in front of VP.
    • D is in both HP and VP.

Unit III: Projection of Solids

  1. Draw the projection of a cube of 40mm edge resting on HP on one of its corners with a solid diagonal vertical.
  2. A pentagonal pyramid has a 30mm base, axis 70mm and resting one base corner in HP with slant edge having a resting corner vertical HP and parallel to VP. Draw the projections.
  3. A hexagonal pyramid of side 30mm and axis 70mm lies with a triangular face on HP and axis parallel to VP. Draw the projections.

Unit IV: Projection of Sectioned Solids and Development of Surfaces

  1. A cone of base 50mm and height 70 mm rests on base. A cutting plane inclined at 50° to HP and meeting the axis 25 mm from the base. Draw the development of the lateral surface of cut cone.
  2. A hexagonal prism of base 30mm side and axis 60mm long is resting on a base on HP with an edge parallel to Vp. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to VP, includes 35° to HP.
  3. Draw the sectional top and front view, and also the development of complete surface.

Unit V: Isometric and Perspective Projections

  1. A sphere of radius 18mm is placed centrally over a hexagonal slab of side 20mm and thickness 25mm. Draw the isometric view of the combined solid.
  2. The frustum of a pentagonal pyramid with base side 30mm and top surface 15mm has height 40mm. Draw its isometric view.

FAQ’s about Engineering Graphics

Question 1.
What is the significance of Engineering Graphics as a subject?

Engineering Graphics is an important subject because it is what decides what a machine is going to look like. Engineering Graphic designers are responsible for designing the machine that is to be built and constructed, thus forming the base for technical goods production.

Question 2.
Which are the best Engineering Graphics reference books?

There are several Engineering Graphics reference books listed above. The best Engineering Graphics reference books are Engineering Drawing Text Book by N.D. Bhatt and Engineering Drawing and Graphics by K. Venugopal.

Question 3.
What is the best way to study for my Engineering Graphics First year examination?

To study for your exam in order to pass with flying colours, students must use Engineering Graphics PDF First Year downloadable notes. These notes are extremely helpful for understanding the various units of the subject. Aside from this, preparing using Engineering Graphics important questions is vital for good preparation.

Question 4.
What is the basic Engineering Graphic curriculum?

There are 5 units in the Engineering Graphics curriculum. They are:

  • Plane Curves & Freehand Sketching
  • Projection of Points, Lines & Plane Surfaces
  • Projection of Solids
  • Projection of Sectioned Solids & Development of Surfaces
  • Isometric & Perspective Projections


Engineering Graphics is an important subject of study in the field of engineering because it provides the basic structure of mechanical or technical objects or machines. We have provided you with everything you will need to be extremely well-prepared during your exam. This includes Engineering Graphics PDF First Year downloadable notes, list of reference books, the curriculum in detail and also several important questions. Wishing you all the best with your pursuit with Engineering Graphics.