DBMS Handwritten Notes PDF | DBMS Lecture Notes PDF Free Download

DBMS Handwritten Notes: DBMS or Database Management System may be a confusing enough subject on its own, without the added stress of having to study it for exam purposes. For your reference, we have provided DBMS Handwritten Lecture Notes for you along with some other reference materials.

DBMS is an important subject for everybody who works in security or management. It is the basic subject on which we should all have some knowledge. However, if you are studying it as the main subject, you have to come to the right place.

The following components have been made available for you and your studies:

Introduction to DBMS Handwritten Notes Free PDF Download for Students

DBMS Handwritten Notes are incredibly important for students. This subject is important as data processing, retrieval, optimisation, etc. needs to be done for each organisation or firm.

The DBMS Handwritten Notes will be rather helpful even when preparing to sit for a job interview for DBMS positions. In these interviews, questions are not asked based on your personality, but they are based on the skills you have and whether or not they are appropriate for the job at hand.

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BSc (IT) DBMS Handwritten Notes Download

DBMS or Database Management System is the subject that teaches the study of Database Management, as the name suggests. By this, we are talking about the management of incoming as well as outgoing data, the organisation of this data and brainstorming the modification of this data. Part of DBMS also includes the extraction of data, either by physical human users or by programmes dedicated to the same.

Some of the programmes that are used in DBMS are:

  • MySQL
  • PostgreSQL
  • Microsoft Access
  • Clipper
  • dBASE
  • Oracle
  • FileMaker
  • SQL Server
  • FoxPro

DBMS Reference Books

Here is a list of some great DBMS reference books which will help you out greatly in your studies.

  • Ramon A Mata-Toledo and Pauline K Cushman: Database Management Systems
  • Dr Rajiv Chopra: Database Management Systems (DBMS), A Practical Approach
  • Riktesh Srivastava and Rajita Srivastava: Relational Database Management System
  • Jagmohan Mago, Anurag Gupta and Anshuman Sharma: Fundamentals of DBMS
  • Alexis Leon and Mathews Leon: Database Management Systems
  • JD Ullman: Principles of Database Systems
  • Raghu Ramakrishnan: Database Management Systems
  • Craig Mullins: Database Administration
  • Dbms Book By Rajiv Chopra Pdf Free Download
  • Fundamentals Of Dbms By Anshuman Sharma
  • Fundamentals Of Dbms By Anshuman Sharma Pdf

DBMS Curriculum

Below is a unit-wise, and further topic-wise breakdown of the DBMS curriculum. This curriculum is helpful for students, as it acts as a good reference for creating a study timetable for oneself. In this way, you ensure that you do not miss out on any topics and study them all before your exams.

Unit – Topics

Unit 1: Database Management System Concepts

  • Introduction, Significance & Applications of DBMS
  • Data Independence
  • Data Modeling
  • Entities & Attributes
  • Relations & its Types
  • Merits & Demerits of DBMS

Unit 2: Database System Architecture

  • 3-Level Architecture
    • External, Conceptual and Internal Level
    • Mapping
  • MySQL, Oracle
  • DBMS Structure, Facilities
  • Data Definition & Manipulation Language
  • Database Manager, Administrator
  • Data Dictionary
  • ICT & Client/Server Architecture

Unit 3: Database Models & Implementation

  • Data Model & its Types
  • Entity-Relationship (E-R) Model
  • Associative Database Model

Unit 4: File Organisation for Conventional DBMS

  • Storage Devices – Types, Characteristics, Performance Measures and Optimisation
  • File Organisation
  • Sequential File Organisation

Unit 5: An Introduction to RDBMS

  • Meaning & Properties
  • E-R Model
  • Relational Query Optimisation
  • System Catalog in RDBMS

Unit 6: SQL

  • Category of SQL Commands
  • Data Definition
  • Data Manipulation Tips & Tricks
  • Views
  • Embedded SQL
  • Transaction Nuances

Unit 7: Relational Algebra & Relational Calculus

  • Relational Algebra
    • Basic Operations Union (U)
    • Difference (-)
    • Intersection or Cartesian product (x)
    • Additional Operations (Projection, Selection, JOIN, Division)
  • Relational Calculus
    • Tuple Relational Calculus
    • The semantics of TRC Queries
    • The domain of Relational Calculus
  • Relational Algebra vs Relational Calculus

Unit 8: Normalisation

  • Functional Dependency
  • Anomalies in a Database
  • Properties of Normalised Relations
    • First, Second, Third, Boyce-Codd (BNCF), Fourth, Fifth Normal Forms

Unit 9: Query Processing & Optimisation

  • Interpretation
  • Expression Equivalence
  • Execution Algorithms

Unit 10: Distributed Databases

  • Structure
  • Trade-offs in Distributing
  • Merits & Demerits of Distribution
  • Distributed Database Design
  • Data Replication & Fragmentation

Unit 11: Object-Oriented DBMS

  • Next-Gen DBMS
  • New Database Applicated
  • Object-Oriented DBMS
    • Features, Merits
  • Demerits of Relational DBMS
  • Relational DBMS vs Object-Oriented DBMS
  • Alternative Object-Oriented Strategies

Unit 12: Relational Object Mapping

  • Basics & Significance
  • Mapping a Class Inheritance Tree
  • Mapping Object Relationships
    • Types, Implementation
  • Open Source Object Relational Mapping Software


List of DBMS Important Questions

Below is a list of DBMS important questions that are helpful from the examination point of view. These are helpful questions which all students must use.

  1. What is the purpose of SQL in DBMS?
  2. Explain the three-level architecture in DBMS.
  3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of DBMS?
  4. Explain the E-R Model in terms of DBMS.
  5. Explain the following terms:
    1. 1NF
    2. 2NF
    3. BCNF
  6. Explain the different types of relationships in DBMS.
  7. Explain the purpose of normalisation in the sphere of DBMS.
  8. Explain the significance of object-oriented mapping.
  9. Explain the following terms:
    1. Entity
    2. Entity Type
    3. Entity Set.

FAQs on DBMS Handwritten Notes

Question 1.
What is meant by DBMS? What is a Database?

DBMS refers to Database Management System and focuses on services that focus on data. A Database is something where piles of information are stored systematically and functionally. DBMS focuses on defining and organising incoming as well as outgoing data from the Database.

Question 2.
What are the important questions to be expected for DBMS?

In DBMS, several important questions can be expected. Some of these questions include explanations about various DBMS terms, listing out advantages and disadvantages of systems, explaining some systems in detail, explaining the purpose behind some functions, etc. It is necessary to be thorough with the topics to answer these questions appropriately.

Question 3.
What is the best way to study DBMS?

Students must look through the DBMS curriculum and study it thoroughly, to not only do well in exams but also for getting the job that one wants in the field of DBMS. The best way to study is to use the resources we have provided, which are the DBMS Handwritten Notes, to understand the topics the best.

Question 4.
What is the difference between DBMS and RDBMS?

DBMS is a Database Management System, and RDBMS is a Relational Database Management System. DBMS is used for the manipulation, organisation and retrieval of data where the data is controllable. RDBMS is a form of DBMS which is slightly more advanced. Where DBMS stores data in the form of regular files, RDBMS stores the same in tabular and more easily readable and accessible form.

DBMS Handwritten Notes Conclusion

Above, we have provided you with DBMS Handwritten Notes, the DBMS curriculum, some DBMS reference books and lastly, a list of DBMS important questions. We are positive that these resources will be sufficient for you to study DBMS. Do look through them and utilise them well to score great marks and also to get the job you want.

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