# Java Program to Find Minimum Sum of Two Integers in an Array

In the previous article, we have seen Java Program to Find Minimum Product of Two Integers in an Array

In this article we are going to see how we can find minimum sum of two integers in an array.

## Java Program to Find Minimum Sum of Two Integers in an Array

As we have to write a program which will find the minimum sum of two integers in an array of integers so our first target should be finding first two smallest numbers from the array elements. As it is very much clear that sum of two smaller numbers will give minimum sum value than sum of two bigger numbers.

For example:

If we have an array say arr=[1, 7, 4, 2, 8, 6, 3, 9, 5]
Then in this array first two smaller numbers are 1 and 2.
So sum is 1+2=2 which is minimum sum value we can find than any other possible combinations of array elements.

Let’s see different ways to find minimum sum of two integers in an array.

### Method-1: Java Program to Find Minimum Sum of Two Integers in an Array By Using Sorting Technique

Approach:

• Declare an array and with array elements.
• Sort the array by using Arrays.sort() method.
• Now array is sorted in ascending order.
• So, find the sum of first element and second element of the array which will give the minimum sum value.
• Print the result.

Program:

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Comparator;

class Main
{
public static void main(String[] args)
{
//integer array declared along with integer elements
Integer[] input = { 1,6,3,4,5 };

// sort the array in ascending order
Arrays.sort(input);

//as array is sorted in ascending order
//so first two elements are smallest elements
//so by adding the first two elements we will get minimum sum
long result=input[0]+input[1];
//input[input.length-1] represents last elements
//input[input.length-2] second last element
System.out.println("Two numbers are "+ input[0] +" and "+ input[1]+" having minimum sum "+result);
}
}
Output:

Two numbers are 1 and 3 having minimum sum 4

### Method-2: Java Program to Find Minimum Sum of Two Integers in an Array By Finding First Two Biggest Element

Approach:

• Take user input of length of array.
• Take input of integer array elements.
• Call the user defined method findSmallest() to find first 2 small elements in the array say firstNumbersecondNumber
• After getting 2 smallest elements in the array, inside that findSmallest() method, call findMinSum() method.
• Inside findMinSum() method add firstNumber and secondNumber which will give the minimum sum value.
• Print the result.

Program:

import java.util.Scanner;

public class Main
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
int length = 0;
Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.println("Enter number of elements in array: ");
//array length taken as input
length = sc.nextInt();
//array declared
int[] arr = new int[length];

//take input of numbers as array element
System.out.println("Enter elements into array: ");
//taking input of array elements
for (int i = 0; i < length; i++)
{
arr[i] = sc.nextInt();
}

System.out.println("First 2 smallest numbers in array : ");
//calling findSmallest() method
findSmallest(arr);
}

//user defined method to find first 2 smallest element
private static void findSmallest(int[] arr)
{
//let first two numbers are the smaller numbers
int firstNumber=arr[0];
int secondNumber=arr[1];

//loop to find 2 smallest numbers
for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++)
{
if (arr[i] < firstNumber)
{
secondNumber = firstNumber;
firstNumber = arr[i];
}
else if (arr[i] < secondNumber)
{
secondNumber = arr[i];
}
}

System.out.println("First smallest number : " + firstNumber);
System.out.println("Second smallest number : " + secondNumber);

//calling findMinSum() method to find minimum sum value
findMinSum(firstNumber,secondNumber);
}

public static void findMinSum(int firstNumber, int secondNumber)
{
//adding both numbers to find summation value
int result= firstNumber+secondNumber;
System.out.println("Two numbers are "+ firstNumber +" and "+ secondNumber+" having minimum sum "+result);
}
}
Output:

Enter number of elements in array:
5
Enter elements into array:
40 10 30 50 20
First 2 smallest numbers in array :
First smallest number : 10
Second smallest number : 20
Two numbers are 10 and 20 having minimum sum 30

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