The CSS Padding Tutorial | CSS Padding Property | Syntax & Example Program of CSS Padding Shorthand Property

Padding is used to create space around an element’s content, inside of any defined borders. Here, you will get to know & understand completely about the CSS Padding along with syntax and example codes.

CSS Padding Property

The padding CSS property is usually used in CSS to add space in the inner side of an element.


/* Apply to all four sides */
padding: 1em;

/* vertical | horizontal */
padding: 5% 10%;

/* top | horizontal | bottom */
padding: 1em 2em 2em;

/* top | right | bottom | left */
padding: 5px 1em 0 2em;

/* Global values */
padding: inherit;
padding: initial;
padding: unset;

Also Refer: 

Define Paddings for Individual Sides

CSS has properties for specifying the padding for each side of an element:

  • padding-top
  • padding-right
  • padding-bottom
  • padding-left
Property Description
padding It is used to set all the padding properties in one declaration.
padding-left It is used to set the left padding of an element.
padding-right It is used to set the right padding of an element.
padding-top It is used to set Top padding of an element.
padding-bottom It is used to set the bottom padding of an element.

All the padding properties can have the following values:

  • length – specifies padding in px, pt, cm, etc.
  • % – specifies padding in % of the width of the containing element
  • inherit – specifies that the padding should be inherited from the parent element

Note: Negative values are not allowed.

CSS Padding Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
div {
  padding: 50px;
  border: 1px solid #black;

<h2>CSS Padding</h2>
<div>This element has a padding of 70px.</div>



Padding – Shorthand Property

In order to shorten the code, it is feasible to define all the padding properties in one property.

The paddingproperty is a shorthand property for the subsequent individual padding properties:

  • padding-top
  • padding-right
  • padding-bottom
  • padding-left

So, here is how it works:

If the padding property has four values:

padding: 100px 70px 50px 25px;

  • top padding is 100px
  • right padding is 75px
  • bottom padding is 50px
  • left padding is 25px

Using the padding shorthand

The usage of those is very simple and cannot be confused, for example:

1 value

Utilizing a single value implements that to all the paddings: top, right, bottom, left.

padding: 20px;

2 values

Working 2 values utilizes the first to bottom & top, and the second to left & right.

padding: 20px 10px;

3 values

Using 3 values practices the first to top, the second to left & right, the third to bottom.

padding: 20px 10px 30px;

4 values

Using 4 values applies the first to top, the second to the right, the third to bottom, the fourth to left.

padding: 20px 10px 5px 0px;