# Python Program to Toggle Bits of a Number Except First and Last bits

In the previous article, we have discussed Python Program to Toggle First and Last Bits of a Number

The task is to toggle all the bits of a given number except the first and last bits in python.

Toggling:

A toggling operation changes the value of a bit from 0 to 1 and from 1 to 0.

Examples:

Example1:

Input:

Given Number = 8

Output:

The Number after toggling all the bits of a given number{ 8 } except the first and last bits =  14

Example2:

Input:

Given Number = 15

Output:

The Number after toggling all the bits of a given number{ 15 } except the first and last bits =  9

## Program to Toggle Bits of a Number Except First and Last bits in Python

Below are the ways to toggle all the bits of a given number except the first and last bits in python:

### Method #1: Using Right Shift (>>)Operator (Static Input)

Approach:

• Give the number as static input and store it in a variable.
• Pass the given number as an argument to the setallmidlebits function.
• Create a  function to say setallmidlebits which takes the given number as an argument.
• Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 1(Right Shift) and store it in the same variable.
• Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 2(Right Shift) and store it in the same variable.
• Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 4(Right Shift) and store it in the same variable.
• Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 8(Right Shift) and store it in the same variable.
• Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 16(Right Shift) and store it in the same variable.
• Right shift the given number by 1 and store it in another variable.
• Return the Xor value of the above result and 1.
• Pass the given number as an argument to the toglemidlebits function.
• Create a  function to say toglemidlebits which takes the given number as an argument and returns the number after toggling all the bits of a given number except the first and last bits.
• Check if the given number is equal to 1 using the if conditional statement.
• If the statement is true, then return 1.
• Return the Xor result of the given number and setallmidlebits(gven_numb).
• Print the number after toggling all the bits of a given number except the first and last bits.
• The Exit of the Program.

Below is the implementation:

# Create a  function to say setallmidlebits which takes the given number as an
# argument.

def setallmidlebits(gven_numb):
# Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 1(Right Shift) and
# store it in the same variable.
gven_numb = gven_numb | gven_numb >> 1
# Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 2(Right Shift) and
# store it in the same variable.
gven_numb = gven_numb | gven_numb >> 2
# Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 4(Right Shift) and
# store it in the same variable.
gven_numb = gven_numb | gven_numb >> 4
# Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 8(Right Shift) and
# store it in the same variable.
gven_numb = gven_numb | gven_numb >> 8
# Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 16(Right Shift) and
# store it in the same variable.
gven_numb = gven_numb | gven_numb >> 16
# Right shift the given number by 1 and store it in another variable.
p = (gven_numb >> 1)
# Return the Xor value of the above result and 1.
return (p ^ 1)

# Create a  function to say toglemidlebits which takes the given number as an
# argument and returns the number after toggling all the bits of a given number except the
# first and last bits.

def toglemidlebits(gven_numb):
# Check if the given number is equal to 1 using the if conditional statement.
if (gven_numb == 1):
# If the statement is true, then return 1.
return 1
# Return the Xor result of the given number and setallmidlebits(gven_numb).
return gven_numb ^ setallmidlebits(gven_numb)

# Give the number as static input and store it in a variable.
gven_numb = 8
# Pass the given number as an argument to the setallmidlebits function.
# Pass the given number as an argument to the toglemidlebits function.
# Print the number after toggling all the bits of a given number except the
# first and last bits.
print("The Number after toggling all the bits of a given number{", gven_numb,
"} except the first and last bits = ", toglemidlebits(gven_numb))


Output:

The Number after toggling all the bits of a given number{ 8 } except the first and last bits =  14

### Method #2: Using Right Shift (>>)Operator (User Input)

Approach:

• Give the number as user input using the int(input()) function and store it in a variable.
• Pass the given number as an argument to the setallmidlebits function.
• Create a  function to say setallmidlebits which takes the given number as an argument.
• Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 1(Right Shift) and store it in the same variable.
• Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 2(Right Shift) and store it in the same variable.
• Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 4(Right Shift) and store it in the same variable.
• Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 8(Right Shift) and store it in the same variable.
• Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 16(Right Shift) and store it in the same variable.
• Right shift the given number by 1 and store it in another variable.
• Return the Xor value of the above result and 1.
• Pass the given number as an argument to the toglemidlebits function.
• Create a  function to say toglemidlebits which takes the given number as an argument and returns the number after toggling all the bits of a given number except the first and last bits.
• Check if the given number is equal to 1 using the if conditional statement.
• If the statement is true, then return 1.
• Return the Xor result of the given number and setallmidlebits(gven_numb).
• Print the number after toggling all the bits of a given number except the first and last bits.
• The Exit of the Program.

Below is the implementation:

# Create a  function to say setallmidlebits which takes the given number as an
# argument.

def setallmidlebits(gven_numb):
# Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 1(Right Shift) and
# store it in the same variable.
gven_numb = gven_numb | gven_numb >> 1
# Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 2(Right Shift) and
# store it in the same variable.
gven_numb = gven_numb | gven_numb >> 2
# Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 4(Right Shift) and
# store it in the same variable.
gven_numb = gven_numb | gven_numb >> 4
# Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 8(Right Shift) and
# store it in the same variable.
gven_numb = gven_numb | gven_numb >> 8
# Apply the or(|) operator to the given number and given_numb >> 16(Right Shift) and
# store it in the same variable.
gven_numb = gven_numb | gven_numb >> 16
# Right shift the given number by 1 and store it in another variable.
p = (gven_numb >> 1)
# Return the Xor value of the above result and 1.
return (p ^ 1)

# Create a  function to say toglemidlebits which takes the given number as an
# argument and returns the number after toggling all the bits of a given number except the
# first and last bits.

def toglemidlebits(gven_numb):
# Check if the given number is equal to 1 using the if conditional statement.
if (gven_numb == 1):
# If the statement is true, then return 1.
return 1
# Return the Xor result of the given number and setallmidlebits(gven_numb).
return gven_numb ^ setallmidlebits(gven_numb)

# Give the number as user input using the int(input()) function and store it in a variable.
gven_numb = int(input("Enter some random number = "))
# Pass the given number as an argument to the setallmidlebits function.
# Pass the given number as an argument to the toglemidlebits function.
# Print the number after toggling all the bits of a given number except the
# first and last bits.
print("The Number after toggling all the bits of a given number{", gven_numb,
"} except the first and last bits = ", toglemidlebits(gven_numb))


Output:

Enter some random number = 15
The Number after toggling all the bits of a given number{ 15 } except the first and last bits = 9

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