# Kadane’s algorithm python – Python Program to solve Maximum Subarray Problem using Kadane’s Algorithm

Kadane’s algorithm python: The maximum sub-array sum situation needs you to identify a continuous sub-array that has the highest sum.

Take a look at the following array: The sum of a continuous array of green cells, i.e., 6, gives the greatest sum in this array of length 7 that is  Any other possible sub-array generates a sum that is less than or equal to 6.

The Maximum Subarray Problem is a well-known dynamic programming problem. Kadane’s algorithm is the algorithm we utilize to tackle this problem. It is a bit difficult algorithm to grasp, but don’t worry. In this tutorial, we will go over the algorithm in a simple manner.

Examples:

Example1:

Input:

given array = [-3, 4, 1, 2, -1, -4, 3]

Output:

The maximum subarray sum of the given list [-3, 4, 1, 2, -1, -4, 3] :
7

Example2:

Input:

given array  = [2, -1, 46, 9, -3, -2, 10, 11, -9, 23, -3]

Output:

The maximum subarray sum of the given list [2, -1, 46, 9, -3, -2, 10, 11, -9, 23, -3] :
86

## Program to solve Maximum Subarray Problem using Kadane’s Algorithm in Python

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### 1)Algorithm

Kadane’s algorithm java: Kadane’s approach is the best solution for finding the maximum sub-array; it utilizes two variables:

current_maximum to keep track of whether the value at the current index raises the maximum total.

maximum_so_far to keep track of the total maximum propagated along with the array.

• Set both of the variables specified above to the value at the first index, i.e., arr.
• Store the maximum of arr[i] and current_maximum + arr[i] in the current_maximum for the following index i.
• Maximum_so_far stores the maximum of maximum_so_far and current_maximum.
• Repeat the preceding two procedures for the remaining indices.
• Return the maximum_so_far value.

### 2)Implementation(Static Array)

Approach:

• Give the array/list as static input and store it in a variable.
• Calculate the length of the given list using the len() function and store it in a variable.
• Pass the given list and length of the given list as an argument to the findKadane function which implements the kadane’s algorithm.
• It returns the maximum subarray sum for the given list.
• Print the maximum sum.
• The Exit of the Program

Below is the implementation:

def findKadane(givnList, listleng):
# Set both of the variablesto the value at the first index, i.e., givnList.
cur_maxi = givnList
maxi_so_far = givnList

for i in range(1, listleng):
# Store the maximum of givnList[i] and cur_maxi + givnList[i]
# in the cur_maxi for the following index i.
cur_maxi = max(givnList[i], cur_maxi + givnList[i])
# maxi_so_far stores the maximum of maxi_so_far and cur_maxi.
maxi_so_far = max(maxi_so_far, cur_maxi)
# return the maxi_so_far
return maxi_so_far

# Give the array/list as static input and store it in a variable.
givnList = [-3, 4, 1, 2, -1, -4, 3]
# Calculate the length of the given list
# using the len() function and store it in a variable.
listleng = len(givnList)
# Pass the given list and length of the given
# list as an arguments to the findKadane function which implements the kadane's algorithm.
# Print the maximum sum.
print('The maximum subarray sum of the given list', givnList, ':')
print(resltsum)


Output:

The maximum subarray sum of the given list [-3, 4, 1, 2, -1, -4, 3] :
7

Here it takes O(n) Time Complexity as we traversed only once in the given list. So it is the best and efficient way to find the maximum sum of a subarray in the given list.

### 3)Implementation(User Input)

Approach:

• Give the array/list as user input using list(),map(),split() and input() functions.
• Here the given numbers will get divided by space using the split() function.
• The string numbers get converted to an integer using map and int functions.
• Calculate the length of the given list using the len() function and store it in a variable.
• Pass the given list and length of the given list as an argument to the findKadane function which implements the kadane’s algorithm.
• It returns the maximum subarray sum for the given list.
• Print the maximum sum.
• The Exit of the Program

Below is the implementation:

def findKadane(givnList, listleng):
# Set both of the variablesto the value at the first index, i.e., givnList.
cur_maxi = givnList
maxi_so_far = givnList

for i in range(1, listleng):
# Store the maximum of givnList[i] and cur_maxi + givnList[i]
# in the cur_maxi for the following index i.
cur_maxi = max(givnList[i], cur_maxi + givnList[i])
# maxi_so_far stores the maximum of maxi_so_far and cur_maxi.
maxi_so_far = max(maxi_so_far, cur_maxi)
# return the maxi_so_far
return maxi_so_far

# Give the array/list as user input using list(),map(),split() and input() functions.
# Here the given numbers will get divided by space using the split() function.
# The string numbers get converted to integer using map and int functions.
givnList = list(
map(int, input('Enter some random list numbers separated by spaces = ').split()))
# Calculate the length of the given list
# using the len() function and store it in a variable.
listleng = len(givnList)
# Pass the given list and length of the given
# list as an arguments to the findKadane function which implements the kadane's algorithm.
# Print the maximum sum.
print('The maximum subarray sum of the given list', givnList, ':')
print(resltsum)


Output:

Enter some random list numbers separated by spaces = 2 -1 4 9 -3 -2 10 11 -9 23 -3
The maximum subarray sum of the given list [2, -1, 46, 9, -3, -2, 10, 11, -9, 23, -3] :
86



Time Complexity :O(n)

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