# Python print bits Python Program to Count Set Bits in a Number

Python print bits: Given a number ,the task is to count the set bits of the given number in its binary representation.

Examples:

Example1:

Input:

given number =235

Output:

The total number of set bits in the given number  235  :
6

Example2:

Input:

given number =8

Output:

The total number of set bits in the given number  8  :
1

Example3:

Input:

given number =375

Output:

The total number of set bits in the given number  375  :
7

## Program to Count Set Bits in a Number in Python

There are several ways to count set bits in the binary representation of the given number some of them are:

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### Method #1: By checking bit by bit from end using modulus operator

A simple method is to take each bit into consideration in a number (set or unset) and hold an counter to track the set bits.

Approach:

• Set the variable say count to 0 to count the total number of set bits.
• We utilize the while loop.
• We’ll keep going till the number is bigger than zero (Condition of while statement)
• Using the % operator, we will determine whether the last check bit is set or not.
• If the check bit is 1, it indicates that the bit is set, and we increment the count.
• Divide the given number by 2.
• Print the count.

Below is the implementation:

def countSetBit(numb):
# checking if the given number is greater than 1
if numb > 1:
# Set the variable say setbitcount to 0 to count the total number of set bits.
setbitcount = 0
# looping till number greater than 0 using while loop
while(numb > 0):
# We will get the last check bit whether it is set bit or not using % operator
checkbit = numb % 2
# checking if the check bit is 1 or not
# if the check bit is 1 then increment the setbitcount
if(checkbit == 1):
setbitcount = setbitcount+1
# divide the number by 2
numb = numb//2
# return the setbitcount
return setbitcount

# Driver code
given_numb = 235
# passing given number to countSetBit function to
# count the total number of set bits in the given number
print("The total number of set bits in the given number ", given_numb, " : ")
print(countSetBit(given_numb))


Output:

The total number of set bits in the given number  235  :
6

### Method #2: By checking bit by bit from end using & operator

A simple method is to take each bit into consideration in a number (set or unset) and hold an counter to track the set bits.

Approach:

• Set the variable say count to 0 to count the total number of set bits.
• We utilize the while loop.
• We’ll keep going till the number is bigger than zero (Condition of while statement)
• Using the & operator, we will determine whether the last check bit is set or not.
• If the check bit is 1, it indicates that the bit is set, and we increment the count.
• Divide the given number by 2.
• Print the count.

We use n&1 to check whether it is set bit or not.

Below is the implementation:

def countSetBit(numb):
# checking if the given number is greater than 1
if numb > 1:
# Set the variable say setbitcount to 0 to count the total number of set bits.
setbitcount = 0
# looping till number greater than 0 using while loop
while(numb > 0):
# We will get the last check bit whether it is set bit or not using & operator
# checking if the check bit is 1 or not
# if the check bit is 1 then increment the setbitcount
if(numb & 1):
setbitcount = setbitcount+1
# divide the number by 2
numb = numb//2
# return the setbitcount
return setbitcount

# Driver code
given_numb = 235
# passing given number to countSetBit function to
# count the total number of set bits in the given number
print("The total number of set bits in the given number ", given_numb, " : ")
print(countSetBit(given_numb))


Output:

The total number of set bits in the given number  235  :
6

### Method #3: By converting into binary using bin() and using count() function to count set bits

Approach:

• First we convert the given number into binary using bin() function.
• Then we count total number of ‘1’s in the binary string using count() function
• Print the count

Below is the implementation:

def countSetBit(numb):
# converting given number to binary reepresentatioon using bin()
binNum = bin(numb)
# we count total number of '1's in the binary string using count() function
setbitcount = binNum.count('1')
# return the setbitcount
return setbitcount

# Driver code
given_numb = 235
# passing given number to countSetBit function to
# count the total number of set bits in the given number
print("The total number of set bits in the given number ", given_numb, " : ")
print(countSetBit(given_numb))


Output:

The total number of set bits in the given number  235  :
6

### Method #4: By converting into binary using bin() and using sum() function to count set bits

Approach:

• First we convert the given number into binary using bin() function.
• We slice from 2 to end of the binary string using slicing (to remove 0b characters from binary string)
• Convert every character of binary string to integer using map and then convert it to list
• Then we count total number of ‘1’s in the binary string list using sum() function(because the binary string contains only 0 and 1)
• Print the count

Below is the implementation:

def countSetBit(numb):
# converting given number to binary reepresentatioon using bin()
binNum = bin(numb)
# We will slice from 2 index to last index of the result returned by binary string
binNum = binNum[2:]
# Convert every character of binary string to integer using map
# and then convert it to list
binList = list(map(int, binNum))
# we count total number of '1's in the binary string using sum() function
setbitcount = sum(binList)
# return the setbitcount
return setbitcount

# Driver code
given_numb = 235
# passing given number to countSetBit function to
# count the total number of set bits in the given number
print("The total number of set bits in the given number ", given_numb, " : ")
print(countSetBit(given_numb))


Output:

The total number of set bits in the given number  235  :
6

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