# Python Program to Calculate the Surface Area and Volume of a Hemisphere

In the previous article, we have discussed Python Program to Compute x^n/n!
Math Module :

Python’s math module is a built-in module. By importing this module, we can perform mathematical computations.

Numerous mathematical operations like ceil( ),floor( ),factorial( ),mod( ),value of pi ,…..etc .can be computed with the help of math module.

Hemisphere:

The word hemisphere can be broken down into hemi and sphere, where hemi means half and sphere is a 3D geometric shape used in mathematics.

As a result, a hemisphere is a three-dimensional geometric shape that is half of a sphere, with one side flat and the other as a circular bowl.

Formula to calculate the surface area of a Hemisphere:

surface area = 3đť›‘rÂ˛

In which, r is the radius of the hemisphere.

Formula to calculate the volume of a Hemisphere:
Volume = (2/3)*đť›‘*r3
Given the Hemisphere’s radius and the task is to calculate the surface area and volume of the given Hemisphere.

Examples:

Example1:

Input:

Given Hemisphere's Radius = 9

Output:

The Surface Area of the given Hemisphere with radius { 9  } =  763.02
The Volume of the given Hemisphere with radius { 9 } =  1526.04

Example2:

Input:

Given Hemisphere's Radius = 12.5

Output:

The Surface Area of the given Hemisphere with radius { 12.5 } = 1471.875
The Volume of the given Hemisphere with radius { 12.5 } = 4088.5416666666665

## Program to Calculate the Surface Area and Volume of a Hemisphere in Python

Below are the ways to Calculate the surface area and volume of a hemisphere with the given hemisphere’sÂ  radius :

### Method #1: Using Mathematical Formula (Static Input)

Approach:

• Import the math module using the import keyword.
• Give the hemisphere’s radius as static input and store it in a variable.
• Take a variable and initialize it with the value of pi as 3.14.
• Calculate the surface area of the given hemisphere using the above given mathematical formula and math.pow() function.
• Store it in another variable.
• Calculate the volume of the given hemisphere using the above given mathematical formula and math.pow() function.
• Store it in another variable.
• Print the hemisphere’s surface area with the given radius of the hemisphere.
• Print the hemisphere’s perimeter with the given radius of the hemisphere.
• The Exit of the program.

Below is the implementation:

# Import the math module using the import keyword.
import math
# Give the hemisphere's radius as static input and store it in a variable.
# Take a variable and initialize it with the value of pi as 3.14 .
valof_pi = 3.14
# Calculate the surface area of the given hemisphere using the above given mathematical
# formula and math.pow() function.
# Store it in another variable.
# Calculate the volume of the given hemisphere using the above given mathematical formula
# and math.pow() function.
# Store it in another variable.
# Print the hemisphere's surface area with the given radius of the hemisphere.
print("The Surface Area of the given Hemisphere with radius {",
gvn_radus, " } = ", hemi_surfceara)
# Print the hemisphere's perimeter with the given radius of the hemisphere.
print("The Volume of the given Hemisphere with radius {",


Output:

The Surface Area of the given Hemisphere with radius { 9  } =  763.02
The Volume of the given Hemisphere with radius { 9 } =  1526.04

### Method #2: Using Mathematical Formula (User Input)

Approach:

• Import the math module using the import keyword.
• Give the hemisphere’s radius as user input using the float(input()) function and store it in a variable.
• Take a variable and initialize it with the value of pi as 3.14.
• Calculate the surface area of the given hemisphere using the above given mathematical formula and math.pow() function.
• Store it in another variable.
• Calculate the volume of the given hemisphere using the above given mathematical formula and math.pow() function.
• Store it in another variable.
• Print the hemisphere’s surface area with the given radius of the hemisphere.
• Print the hemisphere’s perimeter with the given radius of the hemisphere.
• The Exit of the program.

Below is the implementation:

# Import the math module using the import keyword.
import math
# Give the hemisphere's radius as user input using the float(input()) function and
# store it in a variable.
gvn_radus = float(input("Enter some random variable = "))
# Take a variable and initialize it with the value of pi as 3.14 .
valof_pi = 3.14
# Calculate the surface area of the given hemisphere using the above given mathematical
# formula and math.pow() function.
# Store it in another variable.
# Calculate the volume of the given hemisphere using the above given mathematical formula
# and math.pow() function.
# Store it in another variable.
# Print the hemisphere's surface area with the given radius of the hemisphere.
print("The Surface Area of the given Hemisphere with radius {",
gvn_radus, " } = ", hemi_surfceara)
# Print the hemisphere's perimeter with the given radius of the hemisphere.
print("The Volume of the given Hemisphere with radius {",

Enter some random variable = 12.5
The Volume of the given Hemisphere with radius { 12.5 } = 4088.5416666666665