**NumPy mod() Function:**

**Numpy mod: **The mod() function of the NumPy module returns the remainder of the division element-by-element.

In terms of array broadcasting, it is equivalent to l1 % l2.

When l2 is 0 and both l1 and l2 are arrays of integers, it gives 0.

**Syntax:**

numpy.mod(l1, l2, out=None)

**Parameters:**

**l1 and l2: (Required)**

These are required arguments. These are the arrays that have to be divided, here l1 as dividend and l2 as the divisor.

They must be broadcastable to a common shape if l1.shape!= l2.shape.

**out:**

This is optional. It is the location where the result will be saved. It must have a shape that the inputs broadcast to if it is provided. If None or not given, a newly allocated array is returned.

**Return Value:**

The element-by-element remainder of dividing l1 and l2 is returned(l1%l2).

## NumPy mod() Function in Python

**Example**

**Approach:**

- Import NumPy module using the import keyword.
- Pass some random list as an argument to the array() function to create an array.

Store it in a variable. - Create some sample arrays of different shapes to test the mod() function.
- Pass the first array and some random number to mod() function of NumPy module and print the result.
- Here it divides each element of the array1 with the given random value say 9 and gives the remainder.
- Pass the first array and second array to mod() function of NumPy module and print the result.
- Here it divides second array elements for the first array element and gives the remainder
- Similarly, test it with other arrays of different shapes.
- The Exit of the Program.

**Below is the implementation:**

# Import NumPy module using the import keyword. import numpy as np # Pass some random list as an argument to the array() function to create an array. # Store it in a variable. arry1 = np.array([[32,64],[95,128],[150,180]]) # Create some sample arrays of different shapes to test the mod() function. arry2 = np.array([[10,20]]) arry3 = np.array([[100],[200],[300]]) arry4 = np.array([[55,65],[75,85],[95,105]]) # Pass the first array and some random number to mod() function of NumPy module and print the result. # Here it divides each element of the array1 with the given random value say 9 and gives the remainder. print('Getting mod value by dividing first array with 9: ') print(np.mod(arry1, 9)) # Pass the first array and second array to mod() function of NumPy module and print the result. # Here it divides second array elements for the first array element and gives the remainder print('Getting mod value by dividing first array with second array: ') print(np.mod(arry1, arry2)) # Similarly, test it with other arrays of different shapes. print('Getting mod value by dividing first array with third array: ') print(np.mod(arry1, arry3)) print('Getting mod value by dividing first array with fourth array: ') print(np.mod(arry1, arry4))

**Output:**

Getting mod value by dividing first array with 9: [[5 1] [5 2] [6 0]] Getting mod value by dividing first array with second array: [[2 4] [5 8] [0 0]] Getting mod value by dividing first array with third array: [[ 32 64] [ 95 128] [150 180]] Getting mod value by dividing first array with fourth array: [[32 64] [20 43] [55 75]]