Pumps and Turbines Notes | Syllabus, Reference Books and Important Questions

Pumps and Turbines Notes: Are you a Mechanical Engineering ore B.Tech graduate looking to get hold of the Pumps and Turbines Notes? Students can access the best and credible pdf-notes for their preparation process or have a revision of the important concepts. Students can refer to the Big Data Lecture Notes For CSE as per the latest and updated syllabus from this article.

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Introduction to Pumps and Turbines

Pump and Turbines is a part of the Fluid Mechanics. The pump is a mechanical device that is often used for raising liquids from lower to higher levels. Pumps are classified as –  Positive displacement Pumps and Roto-dynamic Pumps. Pumps are hydraulic machines whose main working mechanism is to convert mechanical energy and generate hydraulic energy.

Turbomachines are a collection of passages, buckets, flow channels, and blades fixed or distributed around the rotation axis to form a rotor. Pumps are mechanical devices that work through the addition of energy to devices, contrastingly, turbines are mechanical devices that work through the extraction of energy from a fluid. The fluid used in pumps or turbines can be either a gas or a liquid.

The work transferred from or to the fluid that flows the turbine or pump occurs through interaction between the fluid and moving rotor blades. The angular momentum of the pump and turbines are performed based on the angular and torque momentum.

B.E. Mechanical Engineering Pumps and Turbines Notes and Study Material PDF Free Download

Students pursuing Mechanical Engineering, Bachelors in Technology (B.Tech), or M.Tech can access and benefit from the Pumps, and Turbines Notes and other Study Materials briefed in this article. These pdf notes act as the ultimate preparation tools to better and enhance students’ preparation and secure better marks.

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  • Pumps and Turbines Fourth Semester Notes for B.Tech Pdf
  • Pumps and Turbines Notes Pdf
  • Introduction to Pumps and Turbines Notes Pdf
  • Pumps and Turbines Handwritten Notes Pdfs
  • Pumps and Turbines Notes for Mechanical Engineering Pdfs
  • Pumps and Turbines Programme Question Paper Pdfs
  • Pumps and Turbines PPT Notes Pdf
  • Pumps and Turbines Notes for M.Tech Pdf

Pumps and Turbines Reference Books

Textbook and Reference Books are a rich source of well-researched information that guides students through the learning process. Reference books or Textbooks provide a basic framework of all the important topics in a detailed manner.

Candidates should be sure to consult textbooks or reference books that provide excellent conceptual background. Candidates can access the article- Pumps and Turbines Notes to avail the best and highly significant textbooks or reference books on Pumps and Turbines as per the subject experts’ recommendations.

Students must ensure to refer and read through the enlisted Pumps and Turbines Textbooks or Reference Books during the revision or preparation procedure.

The list of best and the significantly recommended books on Pumps and Turbines Notes that reason to help students better their preparation are as follows, and candidates can select the right textbook or reference book that meets their knowledge and prepare accordingly.

  • Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics and Hydraulic Machines by Modi and Seth
  • Open Channel flow by V.T.Chow
  • Open Channel flow by K. Subramanya
  • Elements of Open channel flow by Ranga Raju
  • A text of Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines by Dr R.K. Bansal
  • Fluid Mechanics and Fluid machines by Narayana Pillai
  • Fluid mechanics and fluid machines by Rajput
  • The Second Edition of Hydraulic Machines: Turbines and Pumps by Grigori Krivchenko
  • Pumps as Turbines: Fundamentals and Applications by Carravetta, Armando, Derakhshan Houreh, Shahram, Ramos, and Helena M
  • The Second Edition of Pumps as Turbines: A User’s Guide by Arthur Williams
  • The Third Edition of Centrifugal Pumps by H.H Anderson
  • Performance Characteristics of Hydraulic Turbines and Pumps by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
  • Vertical Turbine, Mixed Flow, and Propeller Pumps by John L. Dicmas
  • The Fourth Edition of Pump Handbook by Igor J. Karassik, Joseph P. Messina, Paul Cooper, and Charles C. Heald
  • Hydraulic Turbines and Pump-Turbines by American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Pumps and Turbines Syllabus

Pumps and Turbines Syllabus is the chief course planning tool that better and enhances students preparation or revision process. The finest way to enhance and better preparation effectively is holding an initial and concise overview of the Pumps and Turbines Syllabus. The article on Pumps and Turbines Notes presents a detailed view of the Pumps and Turbines Syllabus taking into consideration every student’s requirements.

Course Curriculum presents students a brief and comprehensive idea of what to study, how to plan and study accordingly, and the important topics to be covered. The article enlists a unit-wise enlisting of all the important topics under each unit so that students allot time to each topic and prepare accordingly.

Students must stay updated on all the topics before attempting the Pumps and Turbines exam so that the paper is answerable and easy during the exam. Students must also remain aware of the Pumps and Turbines Syllabus to prevent squandering avoidable time on redundant topics.

The updated unit-wise enlisting of the Pumps and Turbines Syllabus is as follows-

Unit Topics
UNIT-I

Open Channel Flow 

  • Types of Flow
  • Types of Channel
  • Velocity Distribution
  • Energy and Momentum Correction Factors
  • Chezy’s, Manning’s, and Bazin’s formula for uniform flow
  • Most Economical sections
  • Critical flow- Specific energy, critical depth, computation of critical depth, critical subcritical, and supercritical flows
UNIT-II

Open Channel Flow-II

  • Non-uniform flow
  • The dynamic equation for G.V.F.
  • Mild, Critical, Steep, Horizontal, and Adverse slopes
  • Surface profiles
  • Direct step method
  • Rapidly varied flow
  • Hydraulic jump
  • Energy dissipation
UNIT-III

Hydraulic Similitude

  • Dimensional analysis
  • Rayleigh’s method 
  • Buckingham’s pi theorem
  • Study of Hydraulic models
  • Geometric, kinematic, and dynamic similarities
  • Dimensionless numbers
  • Model and prototype relations
UNIT-IV

Basics Of Turbomachinery

  • The hydrodynamic force of jets on stationary and moving flat
  • Inclined and curved vanes
  • Jet striking centrally and at the tip
  • Velocity triangles at inlet and outlet
  • Expressions for work done and efficiency
  • Angular momentum principle
  • Applications to radial flow turbines
UNIT-V

Hydraulic Turbines -I

  • The layout of a typical Hydropower installation
  • Heads and efficiencies
  • Classification of turbines
  • Pelton wheel
  • Francis turbine
  • Kaplan turbine-working, working proportions, velocity diagram, work is done and efficiency, hydraulic design, and draft tube
  • Theory and function efficiency
UNIT-VI

Hydraulic Turbines -II

  • Governing of turbines-surge tanks
  • Unit and specific turbines
  • Unit speed
  • Unit quantity
  • Unit power
  • Specific speed performance characteristics
  • Geometric similarity
  • Cavitation
UNIT-VII

Centrifugal-pumps

  • Pump installation details
  • Classification
  • Work done
  • Manometric head
  • Minimum starting speed
  • Losses and efficiencies
  • Specific speed multistage pumps
  • Pumps in parallel
  • Performance of pumps
  • Characteristic curves
  • NPSH
  • Cavitation
UNIT-VIII

Hydropower Engineering

  • Classification of Hydropower plants 
  • Definition of terms
  • Load factor, utilisation factor, capacity factor, and estimation of hydropower potential

List of Pumps and Turbines Important Questions

Students pursuing Mechanical Engineering, Bachelors in Technology (B.Tech), or M.Tech can access the article and read through the list of the important questions enumerated below for the Pumps and Turbines course programme. All the review questions enumerated below aim to help every candidate excel in the examination through frequent practice.

  • What are Priming and state its significance?
  • Write the working procedure of a water pump-turbine.
  • State the advantages and disadvantages of a reciprocating pump.
  • State the reason for the following- Why is a centrifugal pump not called as a positive displacement type of pump?
  • What is a Readioflow Turbine and state its purpose?
  • Define a diaphragm and state its uses.
  • State the difference between the non-uniform flow and uniform flow with reasonable answers.
  • Define a pump and state its applications.
  • Write shorts on the coefficient of contraction.
  • Briefly describe Velocity potential function and state its applications.
  • State Buckingham’s pi theorem and state its applications.

FAQ’s on Pumps and Turbines Notes

Question 1.
State the list of all the Pumps and Turbines Notes PDF.

Answer:

  • Pumps and Turbines Fourth Semester Notes for B.Tech PDF
  • Pumps and Turbines Notes PDF
  • Introduction to Pumps and Turbines Notes PDF
  • Pumps and Turbines Handwritten Notes PDFs
  • Pumps and Turbines Notes for Mechanical Engineering PDFs
  • Pumps and Turbines Programme Question Paper PDFs
  • Pumps and Turbines PPT Notes PDF
  • Pumps and Turbines Notes for M.Tech PDF

Question 2.
What are the benefits of the Pumps and Turbines Syllabus?

Answer:
Pumps and Turbines Syllabus is the chief course planning tool that better and enhances students preparation or revision process. The syllabus helps students stay updated of all the topics before attempting the Pumps and Turbines exam so that the paper is answerable and easy during the exam. The curriculum ensures that students remain aware of the Pumps and Turbines Syllabus to prevent squandering avoidable time on redundant topics.

Question 3.
State the importance of Pumps and Turbines textbooks or reference books for preparation.

Answer:
Textbook and Reference Books are a rich source of well-researched information that guides students through the learning process. Reference books or Textbooks provide a basic framework of all the important topics in a detailed manner.

Candidates should consult textbooks or reference books that provide excellent conceptual background. Students can avail the best and highly significant textbooks or reference books on Pumps and Turbines as per the subject experts’ recommendations.

Question 4.
State a few important questions on Pumps and Turbines Notes.

Answer:

  1. What are Priming and state its significance?
  2. Write the working procedure of a water pump-turbine.
  3. State the advantages and disadvantages of a reciprocating pump.
  4. State the reason for the following- Why is a centrifugal pump not called as a positive displacement type of pump?

Conclusion

The article on Pumps and Turbines Notes is a platform for students to access the most credible and accurate reference sources that enables them to enhance preparation or revision practice of all the essential concepts. The article enumerates all the valuable reference sources like – the pdf notes, significant reference and textbooks, credible study materials, and crucial practice questions on Pumps and Turbines to better and amplify students’ apprehension and understanding of the subject during the examination. The article updates students with the latest and current note pdfs, and other sources of references like textbooks, reference books, updated syllabus, and important review questions for free.

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