Java Program to Find Largest Element in a Matrix

In the previous article, we have discussed Java Program to Find Smallest Element in a Matrix

In this article we are going to see how we can write a program to find out the largest element in a matrix in JAVA language.

Java Program to Find Largest Element in a Matrix

A 3*3 Matrix is having 3 rows and 3 columns where this 3*3 represents the dimension of the matrix. Means there are 3*3 i.e. total 9 elements in a 3*3 Matrix.

Let’s understand it in more simpler way.

                   | A00   A01   A02 |
Matrix A =  | A10   A11   A12 |
| A20   A21   A22 | 3*3
• Matrix A represents a 3*3 matrix.
• A‘ represents the matrix element
• Aij‘ represents the matrix element at it’s matrix position/index.
• i‘ represents the row index
• j‘ represents the column index
• Means A00=Aij  where i=0 and j=0A01=aij where i=0 and j=1 and like this.
• Here we have started row value from 0 and column value from 0.

Let’s see different ways to find largest element in the matrix.

Method-1: Java Program to Find Largest Element in a Matrix By Static Initialization of Array Elements

Approach:

• Initialize and declare two arrays one of size 3×3 with elements
• Use two for loops to iterate the rows and columns .
• Inside the for loops compare all the elements and find the largest.
• Print the result.

Program:

public class matrix{
public static void main(String args[])
{
// Initializing the 3X3 matrix i.e. 2D array
int arr[][] = {{19,25,32},{40,54,62},{70,20,60}}, temp;
int row, col;

// Initializing the first element of the array in the variable to compare
// Like we are taking arr[0][0] as largest element in matrix
temp = arr[0][0];
System.out.print("The matrix elements are : ");
printMatrix(arr);

//Finding the smallest element
//we are comparing matrix elemnts with 'temp'
// if any other element is greater than 'temp' then we are assigning that element to 'temp'
for(row=0;row<3;row++)
for(col=0;col<3;col++)
if(temp<arr[row][col])
temp = arr[row][col];

System.out.print("\nLargest element in the matrix is : "+temp);
}

// Method to print the matrix
static void printMatrix(int arr[][])
{
int row, col;
// Loop to print the elements
for(row=0;row<3;row++)
{
// Used for formatting
System.out.print("\n");
for(col=0;col<3;col++)
{
System.out.print(arr[row][col]+" ");
}
}
System.out.print("\n");
}

}


Output:

The matrix elements are :
19 25 32
40 54 62
70 20 60

Largest element in the matrix is : 70

Method-2: Java Program to Find Largest Element in a Matrix By Dynamic Initialization of Array Elements

Approach:

• Initialize and declare two arrays one of size 3×3
• Ask the user for input and store them in the one array using two for loops.
• Use two for loops to iterate the rows and columns .
• Inside the for loops compare all the elements and find the largest.
• Print the result.

Program:

import java.util.Scanner;
public class matrix{
public static void main(String args[])
{
//Scanner class to take input
Scanner scan = new Scanner(System.in);

// Initializing the 3X3 matrix i.e. 2D array
int arr[][] = new int[3][3], temp;
int row, col;

// Taking matrix input
System.out.println("\nEnter matrix elements :");
for(row=0;row<3;row++)
for(col=0;col<3;col++)
arr[row][col] = scan.nextInt();

// Initializing the first element of the array in the variable to compare
temp = arr[0][0];
System.out.print("The matrix elements are :");
printMatrix(arr);

//Finding the largest element
for(row=0;row<3;row++)
for(col=0;col<3;col++)
if(temp<arr[row][col])
temp = arr[row][col];

System.out.print("\nLargest element in the matrix is :"+temp);
}

// Method to print the matrix
static void printMatrix(int arr[][])
{
int row, col;
// Loop to print the elements
for(row=0;row<3;row++)
{
// Used for formatting
System.out.print("\n");
for(col=0;col<3;col++)
{
System.out.print(arr[row][col]+" ");
}
}
System.out.print("\n");
}

}


Output:

Enter matrix elements : 91 72 36 44 29 87 67 56 17
The matrix elements are :
91 72 36
44 29 87
67 56 17

Largest element in the matrix is : 91

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