Java Program to Check Whether a Point Exists in Circle Sector or Not

In the previous article, we have seen Java Program to Check If Given Four Points Form a Square

In this article, we will check whether a point exists in a circle sector or not by using Java programming language.

Java Program to Check Whether a Point Exists in Circle Sector or Not

Before jumping into the program directly, let’s first know how to check whether a point exists in a circle sector or not.

Explanation:

Suppose, we have a circle centered at coordinates (0,0), the starting angle of the circle sector and the size of the circle sector in percentage.

Then we need to find out polar coordinates of that point and then go through the following steps:

  1. Converting x, y to polar coordinates.
  2. Check polarradius is less then radius of circle.
  3. Angle is between startAngle and endAngle.

Note : We can calculate by using Formulas¬† –

  • EndingAngle = 360 / percentage + StartingAngle ;
  • double polarradius = Math.sqrt(x*x+y*y);
  • double Angle = Math.atan(y/x);

Approach:

  1. Create checkPoint() method and find the endAngle, polarRadius, and Angle using the above formulas.
  2. Check the condition if it is true which means points exist in the circle else do not exist.
  3. Call the checkPoint() method in the main() method and display the output.

 Program:

class Main
{ 
    //main method
    public static void main(String arg[]) 
    { 
        int radius = 8;
        int x = 3;
        int y = 4; 
        float startAngle = 0; 
        float percent = 12;
        //calling the checkPoint() method
        checkPoint(radius, x, y, percent, startAngle); 
    }
    
    //user defined method
    static void checkPoint(int radius, int x, int y, float percent, float startAngle) 
    { 
      
        //find endAngle 
        float endAngle = 360/percent + startAngle; 
       
        //find polar co-ordinates 
        double polarRadius = Math.sqrt(x*x+y*y); 
        double Angle = Math.atan(y/x); 
       
        // Checking whether polarradius is less then radius of circle or not 
        // and checking whether Angle is between startAngle and endAngle or not 
        if (Angle>=startAngle && Angle<=endAngle && polarRadius<rad) 
        
            System.out.print("Point"+"("+x+","+y+")"+ 
            " exist in the circle sector"); 
        else
        
            System.out.print("Point"+"("+x+","+y+")"+ 
            " exist in the circle sector"); 
    } 
}
Output:

Point(3,4) exist in the circle sector

If you are new to Java and want to learn the java coding skills too fast. Try practicing the core java programs with the help of the Java basic programs list available.

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