# Java Program to Calculate Age from Birth Date

In the previous article we have discussed about Java Program to Calculate Commission Percentage

In this article you will see how to find age from given date of birth by using Java programming language.

## Java Program to Calculate Age from Birth Date

Age of a person refers to the time period during which the person has lived. Generally we calculate the age of person from his date of birth to current date.

For example:

If the date of birth of a boy is 10th April 2005
and current date is 10th April 2015.
That means the age of boy is 15 years old.

Let’s see different ways to calculate the age of a person from its’ date of birth.

### Method-1: Java Program to Calculate Age from Birth Date by Using Java 8 Period Class

In Java 8, we have java.time.Period class which is used to measure a period of time in terms of years, months and days. Specifically it provides between() method by using which you can obtain a period of time having number of years, months and days between two date.

Syntax:

public static Period.between(Start_Date, End_Date);

Approach:

• Take the input of your birth date in string format.
• Then convert that date to an instance of LocalDate class by using parse() method, which will be used as your start date.
• Create another instance of LocalDate class to get the current date by using now() method, which will be used as your end date during age calculation.
• The find the time period between your date of birth and current date by using between() method of period class, which is your age.
• Then print the age by using getYears(), getMonths() and getDays() method.

Program:

import java.util.Scanner;
import java.time.LocalDate;
import java.time.Period;

public class Main
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
//Scanner class object created
Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
//Ask user to enter date of birth
System.out.print("Enter birth date in yy-mm-dd format: ");
//taking input from user
String input = sc.nextLine();
//Get an instance of LocalDate class by using the parse() method, \
//here parameter is the inputted date in String format
LocalDate birthDate = LocalDate.parse(input);

//create an instance of LocalDate class by invoking the now() method
//it will give you current date
LocalDate currentDate = LocalDate.now();

//calculate the time period between your date of birth and current date
//by using between() method of Period class
if ((birthDate != null) && (currentDate != null))
{
Period age = Period.between(birthDate, currentDate);
System.out.print("Your Age: ");
System.out.println(age.getYears()+" Years "+age.getMonths()+" Months "+age.getDays()+" Days");
}
}
}
Output:

Enter birth date in yy-mm-dd format: 2000-04-10
Your Age: 21 Years 10 Months 21 Days

### Method-2: Java Program to Calculate Age from Birth Date by Using ChronoUnit enum

In Java, java.time.temporal.ChronoUnit enum provides the standards units which are used in Java Date Time API. It also provides between() method which works similar to Period class.

Approach:

• Take the input of your birth date in string format.
• Then convert that date to an instance of LocalDate class by using parse() method, which will be used as your start date.
• Create another instance of LocalDate class to get the current date by using now() method, which will be used as your end date during age calculation.
• The find the time period between your date of birth and current date by using between() method of ChronoUnit enum, which is your actual age.
• Then print the result.

Program:

import java.util.Scanner;
import java.time.LocalDate;
import java.time.temporal.ChronoUnit;

public class Main
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
//Scanner class object created
Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
//Ask user to enter date of birth
System.out.print("Enter birth date in yy-mm-dd format: ");
//taking input from user
String input = sc.nextLine();
//Get an instance of LocalDate class by using the parse() method, \
//here parameter is the inputted date in String format
LocalDate birthDate = LocalDate.parse(input);

//create an instance of LocalDate class by invoking the now() method
//it will give you current date
LocalDate currentDate = LocalDate.now();

//calculate the time period between your date of birth and current date
//by using between() method of ChronoUnit enum
if ((birthDate != null) && (currentDate != null))
{
long years = ChronoUnit.YEARS.between(birthDate, currentDate);
System.out.print("Your Age: "+years);
}
}
}
Output:

Enter birth date in yy-mm-dd format: 2000-04-10
Your Age: 21

### Method-3: Java Program to Calculate Age from Birth Date by Using Calendar Class

Approach:

• Pass your date of birth to constructor of Calendar class.
• Then get the difference between current year and birth year.
• If birth date month is greater than or equal to current date month and day of birth date is greater than day of current date then decrement age by 1.
• Print the final age.

Program:

import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.GregorianCalendar;

public class Main
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
//date of birth in yy-mm-dd format
Calendar birthDate = new GregorianCalendar(2000, 04, 10);
Calendar currentDate = new GregorianCalendar();
//got age in between year of date of birth and current year
int age = currentDate.get(Calendar.YEAR) - birthDate.get(Calendar.YEAR);
//But Decrementing age by 1, if birth date month is greater than or equal to current date month
//and day of birth date is greater than day of current date
if ((birthDate.get(Calendar.MONTH) > currentDate.get(Calendar.MONTH))
|| (birthDate.get(Calendar.MONTH) == currentDate.get(Calendar.MONTH)
&& birthDate.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH) > currentDate.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH)))
{
//decrements age by 1
age--;
}
//prints the age
System.out.println("Your current Age: "+age);
}
}
Output:

Your current Age: 21

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