Introduction to Python – Integrated Development Environment

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Introduction to Python – Integrated Development Environment

Introduction to Python – Integrated development environment

An Integrated Development Environment (IDE) is an application that provides comprehensive facilities for software development. An IDE normally consists of a source code editor, compiler and/or interpreter, and a debugger.

Introduction to Python – IDLE

IDLE is an IDE, and it is the basic editor and interpreter environment which ships with the standard distribution of Python. IDLE is the built using “Tkinter” GUI toolkit, and has the following features:

  • Coded in Python, using the Tkinter GUI toolkit.
  • Cross-platform i.e. works on Windows and Unix.
  • Has source code editor with multiple undo, text highlighting, smart indent, call tips, and many other features (shown in figure 1-2).
  • Has Python shell window, also known as “interactive interpreter” (shown in figure 1-1).

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Introduction to Python – Spyder

“Spyder” (previously known as “Pydee”) stands for “Scientific PYthon Development EnviRonment” (shown in figure 1-3), and it is a powerful IDE for the Python language with advanced editing, interactive testing, debugging, and introspection features. This IDE also has the support of “IPython” (enhanced interactive Python interpreter) and popular Python libraries such as NumPy, Matplotlib (interactive 2D/-3D plotting), etc. Some of the key features are:

  • Syntax coloring (or highlighting).
  • Typing helpers like automatically inserting closing parentheses etc.
  • Support IPython interpreter.
  • Contains a basic terminal command window.

Spyder runs on all major platforms (Windows, Mac OSX, Linux), and the easiest way to install Spyder in Windows is through Python(x,y) package (visit

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The expressions/codes discussed in this book are written and tested in Spyder IDE.