Industrial Wastewater Treatment Notes | Syllabus, Reference Books and Important Questions

Industrial Wastewater Treatment Notes: Water is an essential resource in everyone’s life, and it is very important to treat the wastewater properly. When it comes to industrial wastewater, it is very important to pollute the entire water body if left in it. Wastewater coming out of industries also contains many harmful chemicals to humans and animals’ health and lives. Students can refer to the Big Data Lecture Notes For CSE as per the latest and updated syllabus from this article.

For such a vital concept, it is important that every person of the modern generation and era has complete information and is entirely aware of its needs. Industrial wastewater treatment is an important elective subject for various degrees of graduation and post-graduation students. It plays a key role in getting the best results in the future and being the best citizens.

Nature and mother earth plays key roles in the survival of human beings, and thus every person must be aware of the needs of conserving it. Therefore, it is very important for the responsible and mature students of the institutions and universities to understand various measures involved in treating industrial wastewater.

This article contains several notes and books that will help the students get better prepared for the examinations and help them get all the concept details for their benefit. Not only for themselves, but the students must also learn it all for others and spread awareness about the entire process of Industrial wastewater treatment and its needs to several other people.

The article also contains important questions related to the topics involved in this elective subject. It has some frequently asked questions that will help the students resolve the most generic queries.

Here is a list of all the contents involved in this article and how they will be effective for the preparation and learning of the students:

Introduction to Industrial wastewater treatment

Industrial wastewater treatment is an important topic that contains the process and mechanism of treating the industries’ wastes and contaminated water by some anthropogenic and commercial activities. It must be carried out before releasing the wastewater from the industries to the environment to reuse.

Most of the global industries produce wet waste. Still, the recent trends and procedures of developments have lowered this number to minimize the production and recycling of water waste. Still, many industries are highly dependent on the processes of production and treatment of wastewater.

Several industries are the key sources of industrial wastewater in the present day, like:

  • Breweries
  • Agricultural waste
  • Dairy Industries
  • Paper and pulp industry
  • Steel and Iron industry
  • Mines
  • Quarries
  • Food industries
  • Chemical industries
  • Nuclear industry

Wastewater treatment is an essential measure for the production of drinking water by recycling the wastewater. Several industries need to treat wastewater to get the water with higher quality. The treatment is also effective as it produces mineral and organic sludges from sedimentation and filtration processes. Ion exchange is then carried out using synthetic or natural resins for removing magnesium, calcium, and carbonate ion from water. Then it is replaced with hydroxyl and hydrogen ions.

There are many ways available for industrial wastewater treatment of different types:

  • Removing biodegradable organics
  • Removing oil and grease
  • Removing solid wastes

Industrial wastewater treatment Notes and Study material PDF Free Download

Industrial Wastewater management notes are available with expertly designed content to help the students get brief descriptions about several topics. The notes and study materials play a significant role in the learning process of the students. Notes contain definitions and explanations of various concepts and the several variations in the scenarios for which the treatment might be required.

Furthermore, the notes also contain examples and applications of various procedures and their needs. The notes and study materials are important for university and competitive level preparations of the elective topic and the personal benefits of the people.

Experts of the subject, having immense experience, have precisely designed the materials for helping the students. The contents are available in an easily understandable language to be used by all the students.

Industrial Wastewater Treatment Reference Books

Reference books also play a vital role in the learning and knowledge grasping process of any subject. For the students learning the elective subject of Industrial Wastewater treatment, it is essential to reference some globally recommended books to get a clear idea about various scenarios and how they must deal with them.

The professionals and industry experts also use books to assist in several industrial wastewater treatment techniques and develop the right one for their needs. For such a crucial subject, related to the benefits of Mother Earth, a student must have all the details about the complicated concepts to take better actions in the future if stuck in any similar situations. For all this, they need to learn through the reference books.

Here is a list of some best reference books available globally for the graduation and post-graduation students to learn the concepts of Industrial wastewater treatment:

  1. Henze, Mogens, Mark C.M. Loosdrecht, George A. Ekama, and Damir Brdjanovic.
  2. Biological Wastewater Treatment: Principles, Modelling, and Design. London: IWA Publishing, 2008.
  3. Berne, F., and J. Cordonnier. Industrial Water Treatment: Refining, Petrochemicals, and Gas Processing Techniques. Houston: Gulf Publishing Company, 1995.
  4. Bratby, John. Coagulation and Flocculation in Water and Wastewater Treatment. 2nd ed. London, UK: IWA Publishing, 2006.
  5. Grady, C. P. Leslie Jr., Glen T. Daigger, and Henry C. Lim. Biological Wastewater Treatment. 2nd ed. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1999.
  6. Kim, Yong H. Coagulants and Flocculants. Littleton, CO: Tall Oaks Publishing, 1995.
  7. Lee, C. C., and Shun Dar Lin. Handbook of Environmental Engineering Calculations. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000.
  8. Metcalf & Eddy. Wastewater Engineering: Treatment and Reuse. 4th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2003.
  9. Nalco Company. The Nalco Water Handbook. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2009.
  10. Young, James C., and Robert M. Cowan. Respirometry for Environmental Science and Engineering. Springdale, AR: SJ Enterprises, 2004

Industrial wastewater treatment Curriculum

Industrial Wastewater treatment is not a wider topic and has a smaller curriculum/syllabus. Still, the students need to have the entire syllabus handy for following the right sequence for learning the issues and concepts. The industrial wastewater treatment curriculum has all the topics included properly, ensuring that the students will never get confused among the related topics while following it.

Additionally, the entire syllabus and curriculum are approved by some top universities globally to be included as an elective subject for the academics of the graduation and post-graduation students.

Here is a brief about the updated syllabus of Industrial wastewater treatment along with the included topics and sub-topics:

  • Sources of Industrial Waste
  • Characteristics of the Industrial Wastes
  • Inorganic salts
  • Acids and Alkalis
  • Organic matter
  • Suspended solids 
  • Floating Solids and liquids
  • Heated Water Colour 
  • Toxic chemicals
  • Microorganisms
  • Industrial wastewater means 
  • Water used from industries.
  • Waste Reduction Alternatives
  • Volume Reduction
  • Classification of Wastes
  • Conservation Of wastewater
  • Changing Production to Decrease Wastes
  • Reusing Both Industrial and Municipal Effluents for Raw Water supplies
  • Elimination of Batch or Slug 
  • Discharge Of Process Wastes
  • Sludge Lagoon
  • Removal of Organic Dissolved Solid
  • Lagoon
  • Phosphorus Removal
  • Phosphorous in wastewater
  • Orthophosphates
  • Enhanced biological phosphorus removal
  • Physical Treatment
  • Membrane technologies.
Unit 4&5
  • Comparison of Disposal Methods
  • Tanning Process
  • Sources of wastewater and their characteristics
  • Effects of waste on receiving water and sewers
  • Woolen Textile Mills waste
  • Treatment of Cotton and Woolen Textile Mill Waste

List of Industrial wastewater treatment Important Questions

Important questions are also important while learning any subject as they help the students get a clear idea about the question and problem types and how to prepare to get the best results. Given below is a list of some important questions for Industrial wastewater treatment:

  1. What is the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) Analysis?
  2. Is it possible to make the high-temperature smelting reduction of industrial waste?
  3. Explain the current Wastewater Treatments Gaps, and Challenges.
  4. What is the best treatment Technology for clinical wastewater?
  5. Is aerobic granular sludge technology suitable for domestic wastewater treatment?
  6. Which types of industries have non-biodegradable effluents?
  7. What is the contact time for powdered activated carbon in wastewater treatment?
  8. How to prepare synthetic wastewater?
  9. What is the permeable limit of Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) in the discharge of wastewater?
  10. What is the right wastewater treatment for different needs?
  11. What types of industrial wastewater treatment and facilities should be considered in removing dye?
  12. What is the reliability of data in Nitrogen absorption’s BET study?
  13. What is the most efficient bioreactor for the biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons?
  14. What is the most appropriate bioreactor for the biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons?
  15. What are the most efficient treatment methods for the treatment of highly contaminated petroleum refinery or effluents?
  16. How does the wastewater type affect the performance of an anaerobic bioreactor?
  17. What is the future direction of the electro-Fenton system? Are there any industrial applications of the electro-Fenton process?
  18. Do you know a more efficient treatment system than electro-Fenton for pre-treatment of petroleum refinery?

Frequently Asked Questions on Industrial Wastewater Treatment Notes

Question 1.
What is Industrial wastewater treatment?

Industrial wastewater contains several chemicals and contaminations with many purification challenges before reusing or releasing it into the environment.

Treatment of Industrial wastewater is essential for removing the contaminations and chemicals and ensuring that the industries are compliant with industrial wastewater treatment standards. It is also helpful in saving more money to enable the reuse of water in the industrial processes and minimize waste processing costs.

Question 2.
Explain the benefits of Industrial wastewater treatment.

There are several benefits of Industrial wastewater treatment, like:

  1. Treatment of wastewater reduces the amount of released waste in the environment.
  2. Water loss because of water pollution also reduces.
  3. It ensures that harmful contaminants do not release into the atmosphere.
  4. Cost reduces with simplified waste disposal.
  5. Effluents standards can be achieved and maintained.


Industrial Wastewater management is an elective topic for graduation and post-graduation students of various streams. This article contains the best learning resources for the subject that even the industrialists can use to find out about the right industrial wastewater management mechanic according to the industry type. Environment conservation is an important factor that this article helps in achieving by spreading awareness about one of the causes of water pollution.