How to Pass an ArrayList to Varargs Method


Java has included a feature in JDK 5 that simplifies the creation of methods that require a variable number of arguments. This feature is known as varargs, which is an abbreviation for variable-length arguments. A varargs method is one that accepts a variable number of arguments.
Variable-length arguments could be handled in two ways prior to JDK 5. One method employs overloaded methods (one for each), while another places the arguments in an array and then passes this array to the method. Both are potentially error-prone and necessitate more code. The varargs feature is a better, simpler option.


The elements of the Java ArrayList class are stored in a dynamic array. It’s similar to an array, but there’s no size limit. At any time, we can add or remove elements. As a result, it is far more adaptable than a traditional array. It’s in the java.util package. It is analogous to the Vector in C++.

In Java, duplicate elements can also exist in an ArrayList. It implements the List interface, so we can use all of the List interface’s methods here. Internally, the ArrayList keeps track of the insertion order.

It derives from AbstractList and implements the List interface.

In this article, we’ll look at how to pass an arraylist to a method that takes vararg as an argument.

Passing an ArrayList to Varargs Method

Assume we have a method that accepts Integer varargs and computes their product.

int findProduct(Integer... numbers)
{ // declaring product as 1
    int product = 1;
    // computing the product
    for (int ele : numbers) {
        product = product * ele;
    return product;

We can call this function by many ways some of them are:

1)This function can now be called by passing arguments separately i.e

findProduct(5, 6, 7);

2)passing an array

Integer[] array1 = { 2, 8, 1, 1, 3, 1 };

3)passing Arraylist

Assume we want to pass an ArrayList to the vararg parameter of this method.

ArrayList<Integer> intlist = new ArrayList<>();

It will result in a compile error because we cannot directly pass an ArrayList to vararg in a method parameter. So, let’s see how we can do this.

To accomplish this, we must first convert our ArrayList to an Array and then pass it to the method that expects vararg. This can be done in a single line, i.e.

findProduct(intlist.toArray(new Integer[0]));

Below is the implementation:

import java.lang.*;
import java.util.*;

class Codechef {

    // function which Accepts a variable number of arguments
    // and computes the product of all passed elements.
    int findProduct(Integer... numbers)
    { // declaring product as 1
        int product = 1;
        // computing the product
        for (int ele : numbers) {
            product = product * ele;
        return product;
    public static void main(String[] args)
        throws java.lang.Exception
        // taking a object of given class
        Codechef classobject = new Codechef();
        // initializing array with some values
        Integer[] array1 = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 };
        // converting array to array list
        ArrayList<Integer> intlist
            = new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(array1));
        int product = classobject.findProduct(
            intlist.toArray(new Integer[0]));
        // printing the sum
        System.out.println("Product is = " + product);


Product is = 720

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