Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines Notes | Syllabus, Reference Books and Important Questions

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Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines

Fluid Mechanics is a fundamental subject that deals with the study of fluid handling and lay major emphasis on the forces (both internal and external) involved in fluids and the effect or impact of these forces on fluid motion.

Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines is an important branch of Physics that comprises significant and major applications in a broad spectrum of fields. This branch of science is a  corollary study that analyzes the state of hydraulic machines, and the deployment of the fluid power in various applications.

B.Tech Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines Notes PDF Free Download

Candidates pursuing their Bachelors in Technology (B.Tech) or those preparing for their AE EEE and Govt. exams can avail the Fluid Mechanics, and Hydraulic Machines Notes Pdf updated in this article. Students can download these pdf for free and refer to them during preparation as these notes serve as the ultimate preparation tools that help students secure better grades.

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  • Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines Programme Past Year’s Question Paper PDFs
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Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines Reference Books

Textbooks and reference books are a rich source of well-researched information, and candidates should consult books that provide excellent conceptual background. Candidates can access the best and highly recommended books on Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines as per the subject experts’ recommendations.

Students can refer and read through the Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines Books to get a comprehensive understanding of all the essential topics during your preparation.

The list of best and highly recommended books for Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines preparation are as follows, and candidates should ensure to select the book that meets their knowledge and prepare accordingly.

  • Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines by Rajput
  • Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines by Domkundwar and Domkundwar
  • Hydraulics, Fluid mechanics and Hydraulic machinery by Modi and Seth
  • Hydraulic Machines by Banga and Sharma
  • Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines by RK Bansal
  • Instrumentation for Engineering Measurements by James W. Dally and William E.Riley
  • Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Engineering by D.S. Kumar
  • Fluid Mechanics and Machinery by D. Rama Durgaiah
  • Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics (incl Hydraulic Machines) by S. M. Seth
  • Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics by K. Subramanya
  • Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines by S. K. Som
  • Fluid Mechanics and Machinery Book by C. S. P. Ojha, P. N. Chandramouli, and R. Berndtsson
  • A Textbook of Fluid Mechanics by R.K. Bansal
  • Fluid Mechanics And Machinery by S Ramachandran and V Saikrishnan
  • Fluid Machinery: Application, Selection, and Design by Terry Wright

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines Syllabus

Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines Syllabus is an effective course planning tool that structures, strategies, and plans such that students comprehend all the important topics concisely. The most practical and productive way to make your preparation effective is holding an initial idea and a basic outline of the Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines Syllabus.

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The Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines Curriculum enables students to get a comprehensive idea of what to study, how to study, and how to analyse preparation strategy. Students can avail the unit-wise breakdown of the Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines syllabus from here, so you can cover all the essential topics under each unit and allot time to each topic and prepare accordingly.

Students should encompass all the crucial topics and concepts before attempting the Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines exam so that the paper is easy and answerable. Also, ensure to remain aware of all the topics falling under the Syllabus to prevent squandering unnecessary time on redundant topics.

The updated unit-wise division of the Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines Syllabus is as follows-

Unit Topics
UNIT-I Fluid statics 

  1. Dimensions and Units– 
  • physical properties of fluids- specific gravity, viscosity and its significance, surface tension, capillarity, vapour pressure
  • Pascal’s law and hydrostatic law
  • Atmospheric gauge and vacuum pressure –a measurement of pressure 
  • Manometers, Piezometer, U-tube, inverted and differential manometers
  1. Buoyancy and floatation- 
  • Meta-center, the stability of the floating body 
  • Submerged bodies
  • Calculation of metacentric height
  • Stability analysis and Applications
UNIT-II Fluid dynamics

  • Surface and body forces –Euler’s and Bernoulli’s equations for flow along a streamline
  • Momentum equation and its applications, 
  • Force on a pipe bend

Fluid kinematics

  • Introduction and Flow types
  • Stream function and velocity potential function, differences and relation between them
  • Equation of continuity for one-dimensional flow, circulation and vorticity, Streamline, path line and streak lines and stream tube
  • Condition for irrotational flow, flow net, source and sink, doublet and vortex flow

Closed conduit flow

  • Reynold’s experiment
  • Darcy Weisbach equation
  • Minor losses in pipes
  • Pipes in series and pipes in parallel 
  • Total energy line-hydraulic gradient line
UNIT-III Dimensional Analysis

  • Similitude and modelling
  • Dimensionless numbers

Boundary-Layer Theory

  • Introduction
  • Momentum integral equation
  • Displacement
  • Momentum and energy thickness
  • Separation of boundary layer
  • Control of flow separation
  • Streamlined body
  • Bluff body and its applications
  • Basic concepts of velocity profiles
UNIT-IV Turbo Machinery

  • The hydrodynamic force of jets on stationary and moving flat
  • Inclined
  • Curved vanes
  • Jet striking centrally and at the tip
  • Velocity diagrams
  • Work done and the efficiency
  • Flow over radial vanes

Basics of turbomachinery

  • The hydrodynamic force of jets on stationary and moving flat
  • Inclined
  • Curved vanes
  • Jet striking centrally and at the tip
  • Velocity diagrams
  • Work done and efficiency
  • Flow over radial vanes
UNIT-V Reciprocating pumps

  • Working
  • Discharge
  • Slip
  • Indicator diagrams

Centrifugal pumps

  • Classification
  • Working
  • Work done – manometric head, losses and efficiencies, specific speed, pumps in series and parallel, performance characteristic curves 
  • Cavitation 
  • NPSH
UNIT-VI Hydraulic Turbines

  • Classification of turbines 
  • Impulse and reaction turbines
  • Pelton wheel
  • Francis Turbine 
  • Kaplan turbine- working proportions, work done, efficiencies, hydraulic design:- draft tube- theory functions and efficiency

Performance of hydraulic turbines

  • Performance of hydraulic turbines- Geometric similarity, Unit and specific quantities, characteristic curves, governing of turbines, selection of the type of turbine, cavitation, surge tank, water hammer
  • Hydraulic systems hydraulic ram, hydraulic lift, and hydraulic coupling
  •  Fluidics- amplifiers, sensors, and oscillators
  • Advantages, Limitations, and Applications

List of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines Important Questions

Candidates pursuing Civil Engineering or B.Tech can read through and practice the list of all the essential questions enumerated below for the Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines course programme. All the review questions enlisted below aim to help each candidate to excel in the examination and secure better grades.

  • Write short notes on the U-tube manometer and Piezometer.
  • Differentiate between Atmospheric Pressure and Absolute Pressure.
  • Briefly explain the principle involved in measuring pressure using manometers.
  • With a neat-labelled illustration, explain the working model of Bourdon Pressure gauge.
  • What do you understand by the terms Total acceleration, Convective acceleration, and Local acceleration?
  • Derive the expression for Reynold’s Number.
  • Enumerate the applications of Bernoulli’s Equation in the field of engineering.
  • Write short notes on the coefficients of Lift and Drag and state the factors affecting the coefficients.
  • With a neat-labelled illustration, describe the different types of draft-tubes.
  • Derive the expression of the centrifugal pump.

FAQ’s on Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines Notes

Question 1.
State the outcome of studying Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines

Answer:
Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines chapter helps students understand the basic principles of fluid mechanics and identify the various types of flows. Students will comprehend the concepts of the boundary layer, flow through pipes, functioning, and characteristic curves of pumps. Finally, the subject enables students to evaluate the performance of hydraulic turbines.

Question 2.
What are the concepts studied under the Centrifugal pumps of Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines chapter?

Answer:
The Centrifugal pumps of Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines chapter deals with Classification, Working, Work done – manometric head, losses and efficiencies, specific speed, pumps in series and parallel, characteristic performance curves, Cavitation, and NPSH.

Question 3.
Why are Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines textbooks and reference books useful?

Answer:
Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines textbooks and reference books are a rich source of well-researched information that provide excellent conceptual background. The books give students a comprehensive understanding of all the essential topics that improvises and better preparation. Students can obtain a thorough understanding of all the important topics and concisely comprehend the concepts.

Question 4.
State five important books on Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines.

Answer:

  • Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines by Rajput
  • Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines by Domkundwar and Domkundwar
  • Hydraulics, Fluid mechanics and Hydraulic machinery by Modi and Seth
  • Hydraulic Machines by Banga and Sharma
  • Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines by RK Bansal

Conclusion

The article on Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines Notes Pdf aims to help students gather all the credible and accurate sources of study materials that helps them through the practice. The list of all the important notes, study materials, reference books, and important questions on  Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines Notes Pdf enhances and betters student’s knowledge and comprehension of the subject during their preparation, revision practice or at the time of examination. Students must ensure to remain updated to the latest notes and study material pdfs, reference sources like textbooks, updated curriculum and practice the important questions enlisted in the article- Fluid Mechanics And Hydraulic Machines Notes Pdf.