Embedded Systems Notes PDF Free Download

Embedded Systems Lecture Notes: Embedded systems is the combination of computer memory, input or output peripheral devices, and computer processor. As the name suggests, it is something that is attached to something else. It has a particular function within a longer electrical or mechanical system. It is the part of a computer frequently including electronic or electrical hardware and mechanical parts. An embedded system controls the physical activities of the machine it is embedded in. Nowadays, many devices are controlled by an embedded system. Approximately ninety-eight percent of all microprocessors have embedded systems in it. You can think of the embedded system as hardware that has software attached to it. In this article, you will get complete details about the study materials of embedded systems.

Students can also visit Department Wise Lecture Notes for Preparation.

Introduction to Embedded Systems Notes

Embedded Systems is the kind of hardware of a computer system with the software as well that is designed to perform a particular function independently or as a part of a large machine. It helps in real-time operations. The complexity level of this system depends on the function it is assigned. Both small and large machines use embedded systems. Starting from digital watches to avionics, an embedded system has been found in most of the machines in recent time. If you are studying embedded systems and confused about the study materials, you may check out this article thoroughly.

Embedded Systems Notes and Study Material PDF

With the advancement in technology, embedded systems have become an important field of study in recent years. So, there are a large number of study materials available on embedded systems. Students sometimes get confused to choose the right study material on embedded systems. However, we have made a list of study materials and notes that will help you to understand the complexities of embedded systems easily.

Embedded Systems Basics PDF Download
Embedded System Books Download
Components of  Embedded System PPT Download
Embedded Systems PDF notes Download
Embedded Systems Question Paper Download

Embedded Systems Reference Books

There are several books on embedded systems because of its growing popularity. However, there are a few things that you should check before buying a book for embedded systems. It would help if you considered books that are written in simple language because it is essential to understand embedded systems properly. These books will help you to understand the complex concepts easily. It would help if you bought the latest edition of books on embedded systems. However, to solve all these issues, we have made a list of some important books for embedded systems.

  • Introduction to embedded systems Shibu. K.V, TMH, 2009.
  • Embedded Software Primer, David Simon, Pearson.
  • Ayala & Gadre: The 8051 Microcontroller & Embedded Systems using Assembly and C, CENGAGE.
  • The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems, Mazidi, Mazidi, Pearson.
  • Embedded Systems, Rajkamal, TMH, 2009.

Embedded Systems Curriculum

Before starting the course on embedded systems, you must know the syllabus. For this particular subject, it is important to understand the syllabus. The syllabus of embedded systems varies depending on the level of course and institution. However, the concepts of embedded systems remain the same. However, to understand this subject, you need to study beyond the syllabus. Practical classes are very crucial to learn embedded systems properly.

UNIT I Introduction to Embedded systems: History, classification, What is an embedded system Vs. The general computing system, major application areas, and purpose of embedded systems. The basic of the embedded system, embedded firmware, memory, a communication interface, sensors and actuators, other system components, PCB and passive components.
UNIT II Architecture, oscillator unit, ports, microcontrollers architecture, its characteristics, quality attributes domain-specific, application-specific, embedded systems, memory organization, registers,  sinking current, source current, design examples.
UNIT III RTOS and Scheduling, types of multitasking, non-preemptive, Operating basics, types of multitasking, non-preemptive, preemptive scheduling, tasks, process and threads, types, RTOS, multiprocessing and multitasking.
UNIT-IV Message queue, and sockets, deadlock, task communication of RTOS, Shared a memory, pipes, mailbox, signaling, RPC, memory-mapped objects, message passing, livelock, task communication or synchronization issues, racing, the dining philosophy.
UNIT V The producer-consumer problem, busy waiting, sleep and wake, Reader writers problem, Priority Inversion, Priority ceiling, critical section objects, events, device, Task Synchronization techniques, busy waiting, sleep and wake, semaphore, mutex, device drivers,  testing of embedded hardware, how to clause an RTOS, Integration, and fire ware.
UNIT VI Introduction to ARM family of the processor, Debuggers, Simulators, emulators, Embedded Product Development life cycle (EDLC), Trends in embedded Industry.

List of Embedded Systems Important Questions

  • Explain the embedded system as part of a computer system.
  • What are the important components of an embedded system?
  • How is the embedded system helpful in real life?
  • State the differences between microcontroller and microprocessor.
  • What is the work of the DMA address?
  • What is called interrupt latency? How can you reduce this?
  • Which buses are used for communication in embedded systems?
  • What are the uses of timers in embedded systems?
  • Why is the infinite loop required in an embedded system?
  • What are some common errors in embedded systems?

FAQs on Embedded Systems Notes

Question 1.
What is called an embedded system?

Embedded systems are the combination of computer memory, input or output peripheral devices, and computer processor. As the name suggests, it is something that is attached to something else. It has a particular function within a longer electrical or mechanical system.

Question 2.
What are some important books on an embedded system?

Some important books on the embedded system are Introduction to embedded systems, Embedded Software Primer, The 8051 Microcontroller & Embedded Systems using Assembly, and Embedded Systems by Rajkamal.

Question 3.
Is it difficult to study embedded systems?

It is a complex field. So it may seem tough to a lot of people. However, it becomes simple if you understand the concepts clearly.

Question 4.
What is IoT in embedded systems?

IoT means the Internet of Things. It is defined as the process in which objects are equipped with actuators, sensors, and processors that involve hardware board development and design, web APIs, protocols, and software systems which together create the environment of an embedded system.


The information provided above regarding the syllabus and study materials for embedded systems will help in your study. If you have any other questions regarding the embedded system’s study materials, please let us know in the comment section.