DU SOL BA Programme 3rd Year History of Social Thought Notes Study Material

Delhi University DU SOL BA 3rd Year History of Social Thought Notes & Study Material

DU SOL BA Programme 3rd Year History of Social Thought Syllabus

1. Auguste Comte (1798—1857)
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. Comte’s Theory of Evolution and Progress. Comte’s Methodology. Comte’s Concept of Social Statics and Social Dynamics- Comte’s Idea about the Hierarchy of Science. Comte’s Scientific Theory of Morality.

2. Emile Durkheim (1858—1917)
Thinker’s Background; His JVlajor Works. Emile Durkheim’s Methodology, Durkheim’s Idea of Social Facts; Characteristics of Social Facts; Postulates of Durkheim’s Social Facts; Criticism of Durkheim’s Theory of Social Facts. Collective Representation; Characteristics of Collective Representation; Distinction between Social Consciousness Collective Representation. Durkheim’s Views about Social Solidarity. Durkheim’s Ideas of the Division of Labour; Effects of Division of Labour; Distinction, between Division of Labour and Disintegration. ‘Durkheim’s Idea about Suicide; Types of Suicides. Durkheim’s Idea about Religion. Contributions of Emile Durkheim to the History of Social Thought.

3. Karl Marx (1818 -1883)
Thinker’s Background. Marx Dialectic Materialism Marxian Conception of Materialistic Interpretation of History. Marx on Social Change; Critical Evaluation of Marx’s Theory. The Theory of Surplus Value.’ Dictatorship of the Proletariate. Contribution of Karl Marx to the History of Social Thought.

4. Herbert Spencer (1820—1903)
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. Herbert Spencer’s Views about Social Evolution; Criticism of the Theory of Social Evolution: Spencer and Darwin’s Views about Evolution. Spencer’s Conclusions from the Application of Biology to Social Thought.

5. Vilfredo Pareto (1848—1923)
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. Pareto’s Theory of Nature and Sociology. Pareto’s Theory of Social Factors and Elites. Classes of Elites. Pareto’s Theory of Residues. Pareto’s Theory of Derivations. Manifest and Latent Functions. Pareto’s Contribution to the History of Social Thought.

6 Ferdinand Tonnies (1855—1936)
Thinker’s Background. Tonnies’ Concept of Community and Society; Critical Evaluation. Ferdinand Tonnies’ Views about Social Entities. Tonnies’ Views about Social Norms.

7. Georg Simmel (1858—1918)
Thinker’s Background; His. Major Works. Subject Matter of Sociology according to Georg Simmel. Simmel’s Theory of Conflict. Sociological Relevance of Conflict. George Simmel’s Ideas about Human Culture.

8. Max Weber (1864—1920)
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. Definition of Sociology; Social Action; Characteristics of Social Action; Importance of Types of Action, Sociological Methodology evolved by Weber. Concept of Ideal Types.
Social Organisation; Factors and Forces that give rise to Capitalism. Max Weber’s Ideas about Bureaucracy. Factors contributing to the Development of Bureaucracy. Criticism of Weber’s Theory. Max Weber’s Contribution to Sociological Thought.

9. Pitirim Sorokin (1889—1968)
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. Sorokin’s ideas regarding the Nature and Methodology of Sociology. Sorokin’s Ideas about Culture. Sorokin’s Ideas about Social and Cultural Changes. Sorokin’s Ideas about Personality and Society. Sorokin’s Views on the Sociology of Revolution. Sorokin’s Views oh Social Stratifica¬tion. Sorokin’s Contribution to the Social Thought. Philosophical Orientation of Sorokin. Sorokin’s Concepts of Social Mobility. Sorokin’s Views on the Modalities of Interaction.

10. Charles Horton Cooley (1864—1927)
Cooley’s Theory of Relationship between Society and Individual; Cooley and the Looking-Glass Process; Criticisms of Cooley’s Idea of Looking-Glass Self. Cooley’s Concept of Primary Group. The Concept of Institution and the Concept of the Self. Contribution of Cooley to Social Thought. Cooley’s Contribution to Modern Sociological Theory.

11. Thorstein Veblen (1857—1929)
Thinker’s Background; His Works. Veblen’s Theory of Social Change; Veblen and Marx’s Theories in Contrast. Veblen’s Views about Cultural Lag. Veblen’s Views about Conspicuous Consumption.

12. Robert K. Merton
Social Ideas of Robert K. Merton. Robert K. Merton’s Views about Anomie. Reference Group; Robert K. Merton’s Reference Group Theory. Robert K. Merton’s Structural Function Theory. Merton’s Concept of Middle Range Theories.

13. Karl Mannheim (1893—1947)
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. Mannheim’s Ideas of Functions of Sociology. Karl Mannheim’s Metho¬dology. Karl Mannheim’s Theory of Sociology of Knowledge.

14. Arnold J. Toynbee
Thinker’s Background; His Major Work. Toynbee’s Theory of Social Change.

15. Talcott Parsons
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. Parson’s Theory of Social Action. Parson’s Theory of Social Control. Important Structural Aspects of Social Systems as developed by Parsons. Contribution of Parsons to the History of Social Thought.


16. Dr. Radha Kamal Mukherjee
Thinker’s Background. Idea of Dr. Radha Kamal Muker- jee on Sociology of Value.

17. Manu
Thinker’s Background. Chief Characteristics of Manu- smriti. Social Ideas mentioned in Manusniriti.

18. Kautilya (Chanakya)
Thinker’s Background. Description of Arthashastra; Nature of Social Organisation provided in Arthashastra. Description of Kautilya’s Statecraft.

19. Shukracharya
Organisation of Society and State discussed by Shukracharya in Nitisara.

20. Raja Ram Mohan Roy (1772—1833)
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. Brahmo Samaj and Social Reforms. Efforts towards Modernity by Raja Ram* Mohan Roy. Contributions, of Raja Ram Mohan Roy to the Indian Social Thought.

21. Dayananda Saraswati (1824—1883)
Thinker’s Background. Social Ideas of Dayananda Saraswati. Dayananda’s Ideas of Social Reforms. Type of Indian Society visualised by Dayananda Saraswati..

22. Swami Vivekananda (1863—1902)
Thinker’s Background;-His Major Works. Vivekananda’s Ideas regarding Religious, Social and Political Reforms in India. Philosophical Foundations of Vivekananda’s Political Thought. Feelings of Nationalisation as Vivekananda’s Thought.

23. Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856—1920)
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. Social Thought of Gangadhar Tilak. Tilak’s Ideas, about the Political set up of the Society. Tilak’s Ideas about Social Reforms. Methods Suggested by Tilak to remove the Social Reblems. Contribution of Tilak in the Social Reforms in India.

24. Gopal Krishna Gokhale (1866—1915)
Thinker’s Background. Social Ideas of Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Social Reforms Gokhale wanted to achieve through Servants of India Society. Contribution of Gopal Krishna Gokhale to Indian Social Thought.

25. Ravindra Nath Tagore (1861—1941)
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. Tagore’s Views on Human Environment essential for Building a Strong Nation and a Stable Society. Tagore’s Ideas about the Solution of Complex Social Problems. Tagore’s Ideas about Internationalism. Tagore as a Social Thinker.

26. M.K. Gandhi (1869—1948)
Thinker’s Background. Base of Gandhian Ideology. Gandhiji’s Concept of Right! and Duties. Gandhiji’s Ideas of Civil Disobedience. Meaning of Non-violence in Mahatma Gandhi’s Social Philosophy. Gandhiji’s Ideas about Swaraj. Role of Sarvodaya in Building the Society in light of Gar.dhian Ideology. Gandhiji’s Ideal Society. Gandhiji’s Conception of Democracy. Contribution of Gandhiji to Political Thought.

27. Shri Aurbindo Ghosh (1872—1950)
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. Aurhindo’s Theory of Nationalism and Human Unity. Ideal Of Human Unity as Formulated by Aurbindo Ghosh. Aurbindo’s Contribution to Indian Social Thought.

28. J.L. Nehru (1889—1964)
Thinker’s Background. Nehru’s Idea of Society. Nehru’s Idea about Religion. Attitude of Nehru towards Communism.

29. Subhash Chandra Bose (1897—1945)
Thinker’s Background. Ideas of Subhash Chandra Bose. Bose’s Ideas about Contemporary Ideologies. Bose’s Forward Bloc.

30. S. Radhakrishnan (1888—1975)
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. Ideas of Dr. S. Radha Krishnan. Evaluation of Dr. Radhakrishnan’s Ideas.

31. M.N. Roy (1886—1954)
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. M.N. Roy’s Ideas about Radical Humanism.

32. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia (1910—1967)
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. Major Socio¬logical Ideas df Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia.

33. Jay Prakash Narayan (1902—1979)
Thinker’s Background; His Major Works. Socialistic Ideas of Jay Prakash Narayan; J.P.’s Ideas of Sarvodaya. J.P.’s Ideas of Total Revolution.

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