DU SOL BA 3rd Year History of Social Thought Notes Chapter 30 S Radhakrishnan (1888—1975)
Discuss ideas of Dr. S. Radha Krishnan.
Dr. S. Radha Krishnan was a deep thinker, eloquent speaker, fascinating writer and an inspiring teacher. He rose from the post of lecturer to the highest post of President of India. He was immensly rich in thoughts and remained at the top of political greatness.
He believed in the Hegelian conception of freedom. He writes, “The freedom which human being desire is not the unreal negative absence of restraint, but the real positive freedom to use to the full our natural endowments physique and brains”. He was deadly against the principles of Marxism. He held that Parliamentary democracy and Marxism are not compatible. He believed that world peace would usher in if
- we set up social democracies
- elimination of Imperialistic domination and colonialism and
- international control over the exercise of sovereign power by nature- states.
He is original thinker of the first order. His philosophy is of absolute Idealism. In the words of Moor “Radha Krishnan resolves the traditional opposition between the absolute and non-absolute God and world, appearance and reality, intention and .reason, philosophy and religion and philosophy and life as- well as contradictions and opposition among the various religions and philosophical systems.
Radhakrishnan stands as a profound critie of all forms of exclusiveness and one sided perspective, dogmatism and intolerance. He supports with his philosophical perspective which avoids mere electi- cism through a truly enlightened integration”.
Radhakrishnan believed that religion is not a creed or code but an insight into reality. He is a modern prophet of spiritual religion.
Evaluate Dr. Radhakrisbnan’s ideas.
Dr. Radhakrishnan, was essentially a self-made man, Radha Krishnan has achieved national and international fame through sheer merit. Starting his life as Assistant Lecturer, he rose steadily till he reached the highest position in the university in the world. He was the first Indian to hold a chair at Oxford.
A teacher in five and Vice-chancellor in two universities, he was appointed Chairman of the First University Education Commission in free India. The personality of Dr. Radhakrishnan is inspired by its immense humanity. He has impressed the great men of our age, who are through contracts, in their temperaments and outlook.
“God has given him in abundance everything that any man can desire and aspire for. He is deep thinker, eloquent speaker, fascinating writer, and an inspiring teacher. He has been recipient of innumerable doctorate degrees without having supplicated for any. He is immensely rich. He is at the top of political greatness without having undergone any throves of selection.
In the words of Prof. Charles A. More, “In this spirit Radha Krishnan resolves the traditional opposition between the absolute and non-absolute God and world, appearance and reality international and reason, philosophy and religion and philosophy and life as well as contradictions and opposition among the various religions and philosophical system, Radhakrishnan stands as a profound critic of all forms of exclusiveness. One sided perspective, dogmatism and, intolerance.
He supports this with a philosophical perspection which avoids more electicism through a truly enlightened integration”. Similarly -Prof. C.E.M. Joad has written, “Professor Radha Krishnan possesses the rare gift of being able to make righteiousness readable, and I know of no work which while so fairly and crisply presenting the modern criticism of religion, presents also with such an eloquence of passionate conviction the modern reply. To result is one of the profound by moving religious books of our time.
1. He believed in complete freedom of both body and mind. He writes, “the freedom that human being desire is not the unreal, negative absence of restraint, but the real positive freedom to use to full our natural endowments, physique and brains”.
2. He considered that Parliamentary democracy and Marxism are not incompatible. He never considered Marxism a workable proposition.
3. He was staunch supporter of nationalism.
4. He pleaded very strongly the right of self-determination.
5. He believed that the entire world should enjoy peace. For this purpose, he advocated that democratic functioning should be adopted by all countries. The Imperialistic domination and colonialism should be totally abolished. He believed in justice and treatment of equality for all.
6. He was a very successful diplomat. K.P.S. Menon says, “Radhakrishnan was an exceptional man. The secret of his diplomat is rather than what he does with courts. Genius has been defined to be courageous to be truly one’s own self. He lacked the technique of career diplomat but he had two virtues, without which all other qualities are as thinking brass and sounding cymbal, namely sincerity and detachment.”
Dr. Kadhakrsihnan is an internationally eminent philosopher who attempted to sympathize Eastern and Western thoughts in an idealistic perspective. An eloquent speaker, an eminent writer, a diplomat, sincere in thought and action and truly religious man. He is a versatile generous a distinguished scholar, a great administrator and a clear sighted statesman. He is the greatest interpreter of Indian philosophy and religion and his philosophy is full of Idealism.