Simple Whatsapp Automation Using Python3 and Selenium

In this article, we will be using python and selenium to automate some messages on WhatsApp.

I hope the reader is well aware of python beforehand.

The first and the foremost step is to install python3 which you can download from https://www.python.org/  and follow up the install instruction. After the installation will be complete, install selenium for the automation of all the tasks we want to perform.

python3 -m pip install Selenium

Selenium Hello World:

After installing selenium, to check whether it is installed correctly or not, run the python code mentioned below and check if there are any errors.

from selenium import webdriver

import time

driver = webdriver.Chrome()

driver.get("http://google.com")

time.sleep(2)

driver.quit()

Save this code in a python file and name it according to your preference. If the program runs correctly without showing any errors, then the Google Chrome window will be opened automatically.

Automate Whatsapp:

Import the modules selenium and time like below.

from selenium import webdriver

import time

After the importing of the modules, the below code will open the WhatsApp web interface which will automatically ask you to scan the QR code and will be logged into your account.

driver = webdriver.Chrome()

driver.get("https://web.whatsapp.com")

print("Scan QR Code, And then Enter")

time.sleep(5)

The next step is entering the username to whom you want to send the message. In my case, I made a group named “WhatsApp bot” and then located an XPath using the inspect method and put it in.

As soon as the WhatsApp bot will be opened, it will automatically locate the WhatsApp bot and will enter that window.

user_name = 'Whatsapp Bot'

user = driver.find_element_by_xpath('//span[@title="{}"]'.format(user_name))

user.click()

After this, the message box will be opened and now you have to inspect the message box and enter the message you want to send. Later, you have to inspect the send button and click on it using the click() method. 

message_box = driver.find_element_by_xpath('//div[@class="_2A8P4"]')

message_box.send_keys('Hey, I am your whatsapp bot')

message_box = driver.find_element_by_xpath('//button[@class="_1E0Oz"]')

message_box.click()

As soon as you execute this code, the message will be sent and your work is done.

I am attaching the whole code for your reference.

from selenium import webdriver

import time


driver = webdriver.Chrome(executable_path=””)

time.sleep(5)

user_name = 'Whatsapp Bot'

user = driver.find_element_by_xpath('//span[@title="{}"]'.format(user_name))

user.click()



message_box = driver.find_element_by_xpath('//div[@class="_2A8P4"]')

message_box.send_keys('Hey, I am your whatsapp bot')

message_box = driver.find_element_by_xpath('//button[@class="_1E0Oz"]')

message_box.click()

driver.quit()

At the end we put driver.quit() method to end the execution of the task.

You did a great job making this bot!!

 

B.Tech CSE Fourth Year Notes, Reference Books, Study Materials PDF Download for Free

BTech Computer Science Engineering Fourth Year Notes PDF: Are you guys looking for the best prep resources like final year subjects Notes of Btech CSE? If yes, to help those students we have curated Computer Science Engineering Notes & Study Material in PDF format for all semesters. Here, you can view or download the Bachelor of Technology CSE Final Year 1st & 2nd Sem Notes for free and have a deeper understanding of subject concepts.

For the sake of better preparation, we even listed BTech 4th Year CSE Reference Books, Subjects list which you might need while preparing for the Semester Examinations.

BTech Fourth Year Computer Science Engineering Subject Notes PDF Free Download

Candidates can get Complete Btech 4th Year CSE Notes in Pdf format by referring further. Get to know the JNTUK Bachelor of technology final Year computer science engineering Notes for 2 semesters from here. By accessing the quick links provided on our page, you can explore the Btech CSE fourth year Notes, study materials, Reference Textbooks, and use them during your preparation. Go through the JNTUH & other institutes’ B.Tech CSE Final Year Lecture Notes Pdf and get acquainted with all the subjects and score good marks in the exam.

List of JNTUK Btech 4-1 & 4-2 Semester Subjects

IV Year I Sem:

  • Cryptography and Network Security
  • Software Architecture & Design Patterns
  • Web Technologies(WT)
  • Elective-I
    i. Big Data Analytics
    ii. Information Retrieval Systems
    iii. Mobile Computing
  • Elective-II
    i. Cloud Computing
    ii. Software Project Management
    iii. Scripting Languages

IV Year II Sem:

  • Distributed Systems(DS)
  • Management Science
  • Elective-III
    i. Concurrent and Parallel Programming
    ii. Artificial Neural Networks
    iii. Operations Research

JNTUH Final Year BTech Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Subjects List

4-1:

  • Linux Programming
  • Design Patterns
  • Data Warehousing and Data Mining
  • Cloud Computing
  • ELECTIVE – I
    1. Software Project Management
    2. Image processing and Pattern Recognition
    3. Mobile Computing
    4. Computer Graphics
    5. Operations Research
  • ELECTIVE – II
    1. Machine Learning
    2. Soft Computing
    3. Information Retrieval Systems
    4. Artificial Intelligence
    5. Computer Forensics
    6. Linux Programming Lab
    7. Data Warehousing and Mining Lab

4-2:

  • Management Science
  • ELECTIVE III
    1. Web Services
    2. Semantic Web and Social Networks
    3. Scripting Languages
    4. Multimedia & Rich Internet Applications
    5. Predictive Analytics (Associate Analytics – 3)
    6. Information Security Incident Response & Management ( Security Analyst – 3 )
  • ELECTIVE – IV
    1. Ad hoc and Sensor Networks
    2. Storage Area Networks
    3. Database Security
    4. Embedded Systems
  • Industry Oriented Mini Project
  • Seminar
  • Project Work
  • Comprehensive Viva

List of Other Universities Bachelor of Technology CSE Fourth Year Course Subjects

  • Machine Learning and  Data Mining
  • Machine Learning and  Data Mining Lab
  • Software Project Management
  • Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs
  • Elective IV
  • Elective V
  • Elective VI
  • Project-Based Elective
  • Project Phase I
  • Project Phase II

BTech CSE IV Year I Sem & II Sem Suggested Books

Btech CSE 4th Year Exam appearing Aspirants can look at this module for collecting all subjects reference books. The compiled list of BTech Computer Science Engineering fourth year subjects recommended books are preferred by subject experts and toppers of the institute. Go with these suggested books at the time of preparation and develop your subject knowledge. You can even use this for planning a proper preparation strategy & score max. marks in the exam.

  • Cloud Computing: A Practical Approach. Anthony T.Velte. Toby J.VeFte, Robert Elsenpeter. Tata McGraw Hill.
  • Enterprise Cloud Computing Gautam Shroif, Cambridge University Press. 2010.
  • Beginning Linux Programming, 4th Edition, N.Matthew, R.Stones, Wrox, Wiley India Edition.
  • Unix for programmers and users, 3rd Edition, Graham Glass, King Ables, Pearson.
  • Applied Software Project Management, Andrew SteIbian 8 Jennifer Greene, O’Reilly. 2006
  • Head First PMP, Jennifer Greene & Andrew Steliman, ORoiHy.2007
  • Digital Image Processing – William k. Prati -John Wiley edition.
  • JAVA Enterprise Design Patterns Vol – III By Mark Grand, Wiley Dream TECH.
  • Kotler Philip and Keller Kevin Lane: Marketing Management, Pearson, 2012.
  • Koontz and Weihrich: Essentials of Management, McGraw Hill, 2012.
  • Embedding system building blocks, Labrosse, via CMP publishers.
  • Embedded Systems, Raj Kamal, TMH.
  • Multimedia Making it work, Tay Vaughan, 7th edition, TMH, 2008.
  • Introduction to multimedia communications and Applications,

FAQs on BTech Computer Science Engineering 4th Year Notes Pdf

1. Where can I find B.Tech CSE 4th Year Notes & Study Material in PDF format?

You can find the B.Tech CSE 4th Year Notes & Study Material Pdf on our page. Access the quick links provided over here and save the Btech fourth year CSE Lecture Notes Pdf offline for further reference while preparation.

2. How to download Pdf formatted JNTUK Btech Computer Science Engineering Notes PDF?

Simply press on the direct links available on this page and download the respective subject Btech CSE final year lecture notes pdf and reference books. You can use them whenever you wish during preparation.

3. What is the best resource to study well & score enough marks in Various Institutes Btech CSE 4-1 & 4-2 Semester Exams?

There are plenty of resources available online for preparation but the best one is Class Notes. It helps students to revise all the subjects easily and score better marks in the exams. We have tried mentioning Btech final year CSE Notes & Study Materials so check out them for reference & prepare efficiently.

Final Words on CSE Final Year Btech Handwritten Notes

We hope the data shared on our page about the BTech CSE Fourth Year Notes Pdf, Reference books have been helpful in clearing all your concerns about the subjects. If you need any assistance, drop a comment via the below box & we’ll get back to you soon. Meanwhile, bookmark our site for more updates on Books, BTech Notes, and other preparation related resources.

UNIX and Shell Programming Notes PDF Download

unix-and-shell-programming-lecture-notes

Unix and Shell Programming Notes: UNIX is the most popular operating system in the world of servers. It is designed for adaptability and flexibility. It was first developed in 1970 and has been under constant development since then. This is the first operating system that is written in C language. It uses explicit texts and a hierarchical file system. It is the first open-source operating system that can be improved by anyone. Shell is a type of programming that can run either in UNIX or Linux. It is a command-line interpreter. A shell script can perform different kinds of operations, like programme execution, printing text, and file manipulation. Shell programmes can be both simple and complex, depending on the developer. In this article, you will get complete details about the Lecture Notes and study materials of UNIX and Shell programming.

Introduction to Unix and Shell Programming Notes

Shell gives an interface to the UNIX system. It collects information from the user and performs programmes based on that input. Shell is an environment where you can run your programmes, shell scripts, and commands. There are different types of Shell with different commands and functions. UNIX shell is one of them. Shell is both a scripting language and command language. Shell scripts are used for different kinds of tasks like customizing the environment and automating daily tasks. You can check the syllabus and study materials of UNIX Shell programming from this article.

UNIX and Shell Programming Notes and Study Material PDF Free Download

UNIX Shell programming is a popular programming method that can save your time and do file management easily. A lot of employers look for UNIX Shell programming knowledge in developers and system administrators. There is still a lack of professionals in this field. So, demand is relatively high. Many people do courses on UNIX Shell programming. However, reading the right study material is very important to understand this programming better. We have made a list of study materials for UNIX Shell programming based on research.

Unix and shell programming vtu notes Download
UNIX system programming vtu notes PPT Download
UNIX notes vtu Download
Unix and shell programming Question paper Download

UNIX and Shell Programming Reference Books

There are many books for UNIX and Shell programming, but it is essential to choose the right study material. We have made a list of some essential books for UNIX and Shell programming. Please try to read at least one page before buying the book or check out reviews online. You should buy books that are written in simple language but describe things nicely.

  • The Unix Programming Environment by Brian W. Kernighan & Rob Pike, Pearson.
  • Introduction to Unix Shell Programming by M.G.Venkateshmurthy, Pearson.
  • Unix and shell programming by B.M. Harwani, OXFORD university press.
  • Sumitabha Das, “Unix Concepts And Applications”, 4thEdition. TMH, 2006. (1, 2 units)
  • Behrouz A. Forouzan, Richard F. Gilbery, “Unix and shell
  • Programming”, 1stEdition, Cengage Learning India, 2003.
  • “Unix for programmers and users”, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education, 2009 by Graham Glass & King Ables.
  •  “Advanced Unix programming”, 2ndEdition, BS Publications, 2010 by N.B Venkateswarlu.
  • ” Unix Shell programming”, 1stEdition, BPB Publisher, 2010 by Yashwanth Kanitkar.

UNIX and Shell Programming Curriculum

For any course, you must know the syllabus before starting the course. It is essential to understand the syllabus. The syllabus of UNIX and Shell programming varies depending on the type of course and institution. However, the basic structure of the syllabus remains the same. Here, you will get to know about the necessary details that are taught in UNIX and Shell programming.

Unit I Introduction to Unix, Command Substitution, Brief History, Using Unix Commands in Unix, What is Unix, Unix Components,  Some Basic Commands, Command Substitution, Giving Multiple Commands.
Unit II The File system, The Directory Hierarchy, File Attributes, and Permissions, The Basics of Files, What’s in a File, Directories, and File Names, Permissions, I Nodes, The File Command knowing the File Type, The Chgrp Command Changing the Group of a File, The Chmod Command Changing File Permission, The Chown Command Changing the Owner of a File.
Unit III Using the Shell, Command Arguments and Parameters, Program Output as Arguments, Command Line Structure, Met characters, Creating New Commands, Shell Variables, More on I/O Redirection, Looping in Shell Programs.
Unit IV Filters, The Stream Editor Sed, The AWK Pattern Scanning, The Grep Family, Other Filters, and processing Language, Good Files, and Good Filters.
Unit V Shell Programming, The Read Command, Positional parameters, The $? Variable knowing the exit Status, More about the Set Command, Shell Variables, The Export Command, The Profile File a Script Run During Starting-The First Shell Script, The Exit Command, Branching Control Structures, Loop Control Structures, Real Arithmetic in Shell Programs, The here Document(<<), The Sleep Command, Debugging Scripts, The Continue and Break Statement, The Expr Command: Performing Integer Arithmetic, The Script Command, The Eval Command, The Exec Command.
Unit VI The Process, The Meaning, Parent, and Child Processes, Process Creation, The Trap Command, The Stty Command, The Kill Command, Job Control, Types of Processes, More about Foreground and Background processes, Internal and External Commands.

 

List of UNIX and Shell Programming Important questions

  • Give a brief description of Shell and Shell Scripting.
  • Why do we write Shell Scripts?
  • Write some of the most popular shell scripts.
  • How many shells and kernels remain available in a UNIX environment?
  • When shall we not use shell scripting?
  • How can we modify file permission?
  • Describe shell variables with two examples.
  • How can we make variables unchangeable?
  • Write a short note on positional parameters.
  • Explain file permission and file system.
  • What are the three popular editors of UNIX?
  • Which command is used for backup?

FAQs on UNIX and Shell Programming Notes

Question 1.
What is Shell?

Answer:
Shell is a type of programming that can run either in UNIX or Linux. It is a command-line interpreter. A shell script can perform different kinds of operations, like programme execution, printing text, and file manipulation.

Question 2.
How is UNIX and Shell Programming as a career?

Answer:
A lot of employers look for UNIX Shell programming knowledge in developers and system administrators. There is still a lack of professionals in this field. So, demand is relatively high.

Question 3.
Are Shell programmes complex?

Answer:
Shell programmes can be both simple and complex, depending on the developer.

Question 4.
In which language UNIX is written?

Answer:
UNIX is written in a C language. It is the first operating system that is written in a complicated language like C.

Conclusion

The information provided above regarding the syllabus and study materials for UNIX and Shell Programming will help you in your preparation. If you have any other questions regarding study materials of UNIX and Shell Programming, please let us know in the comment section.

Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes and Study Material PDF Free Download

artificial-intelligence-lecture-notes

Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes: Graduates eyeing to get hold of the Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes and Study Materials can avail the best notes and reference resources for their preparation process from this article.

The chief study material for better and comprehensive preparation is the Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes as they offer comprehensive, accurate, and credible materials that help you score better grades. Students can refer and read through the Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes as per the latest syllabus from this article.

Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes aim to provide aspirants with detailed yet concise information on the subject matter and gives you an advantage as you additionally acquire the latest and updated Syllabus, Important list of Questions, and Reference Books on Artificial Intelligence course programme over regular notes. Students can access the latest Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes and Study Materials PDF Free Download from this article.

Graduates can better prepare with the right strategy and approaches and achieve better grades.

Introduction to Artificial Intelligence Notes

Artificial Intelligence is a widespread advanced study concerned with the structure of smart machines. These machines are developed to perform tasks with prerequisite human intelligence. Artificial Intelligence is a multidisciplinary Science with multiple approaches. The advancements in Machine learning create a paradigm shift that alters the virtual sector in today’s world, especially in the tech industry.

The major limitation of Artificial Intelligence is that it fails to explain what artificial intelligence is all about; however, authors Norvig and Russell state four approaches that define the field of Artificial Intelligence.

For Example,- Siri is the best Example of Artificial Intelligence. Siri uses machine learning technology to decode and understand human language and answer accordingly. It is the most iconic Example of gadgets, machine learning abilities.

B.Tech/M.Sc Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes and Study Material PDF Free Download

Graduates pursuing Bachelors in Technology (B.Tech) or Masters in Science (M.Sc) can avail from the Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes and Study Material updated in this article. The study resources aim to help your preparation with these ultimate tools and help you score better grades.

Students can download the lecture notes and study material to refer to them during the preparation or revision process. The utilisation of the Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes and Study Materials as a source reference will assist graduates in getting a comprehensive understanding of the concepts and changing your score chart.

Here, are a list of a few important lecture notes that provides a comprehensive preparation of the Artificial Intelligence course programme-

  • Artificial Intelligence Fourth Semester Lecture Notes for MSc. PDF
  • Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes PDF
  • Artificial Intelligence Handwritten Lecture Notes PDFs
  • Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes for CSE PDFs
  • Artificial Intelligence Programme Question Paper PDFs
  • Artificial Intelligence Fifth Semester Lecture Notes for B.Tech. PDF
  • Artificial Intelligence PPT Lecture Notes PDF
  • Artificial Intelligence CSC384 – Lectures Slides and Readings
  • Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes for Bachelor of Technology in Computer Science and Engineering and Information Technology PDFs

Artificial Intelligence Reference Books

Books act as a portal to credible and well-researched information. Students should ensure to refer to the best reference books for the Artificial Intelligence course programme as per the subject experts’ recommendations. Students can refer and read through artificial Intelligence Books and other sources of reference to improve their learning, organise, and structure their preparation.

The list of best reference books for Artificial Intelligence preparation is as follows. However, students should consider a book that meets their knowledge and prepare accordingly.

  1. Book on Artificial Intelligence- from Fundamentals to Intelligent Searches by Qiangfu ZHAO and Tatsuo Higuchi
  2. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning book by Anand Hareendran S and Vinod Chandra S S
  3. Book on Artificial Neural Networks By B Yegnanarayana
  4. Artificial Intelligence- A New Synthesis by Nils J Nilsson and Elsevier
  5. Book on Introduction to Artificial Intelligence by Patterson
  6. CENGAGE Learning on Artificial Intelligence by Saroj Kaushik
  7. The Fifth Edition of Artificial Intelligence, Strategies, and Structures for Complex Problem Solving by George F Luger
  8. Book on Artificial Intelligence- A Modern Approach by Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig
  9. Artificial Intelligence and Innovations 2007 Book by Pnevmatikakis
  10. Book on Introduction to Artificial Intelligence by Wolf Gang, Ertel, and Springer
  11. The Fifth Edition of Artificial Intelligence by Rich, Shiv Shankar B Nair, and Kevin Knight
  12. Textbook of Artificial Intelligence by A Vikraman
  13. Book on Artificial Intelligence Engines- A Tutorial Introduction to the Mathematics of Deep Learning by James V Stone
  14. Machine Learning For Absolute Beginners Book by Oliver Theobald
  15. Book on Introduction to Artificial Intelligence by Shinji Araya

Artificial Intelligence Updated Syllabus

An effective way to improve your preparation is holding an initial idea, and an overview of the Artificial Intelligence updated Syllabus. Keeping in mind every student’s requirements and stipulations, we have provided a comprehensive outlook of the Artificial Intelligence syllabus.

Course Curriculum will instruct, manage, and structure students’ preparation and give you a clear overview of what to study and how to study. The unit-wise break up of syllabus gives students a clear idea of each unit so that students can allot time to each topic accordingly.

Students must ensure to cover all the topics and essential concepts before attempting the Artificial Intelligence course exam so that the test or exam paper is reasonably answerable at the time of the exam. Students must ensure to remain aware and updated of the Artificial Intelligence Syllabus as it stops you from squandering unwanted time on redundant topics.

The updated unit-wise breakup of the Artificial Intelligence Syllabus is as follows-

Unit- I- The Fundamental of Artificial Intelligence

Overview of Artificial Intelligence concerning approaches, methods, specific theories, and technologies.

Unit- II- Machine Learning

Principles and Critical Analysis of Machine Learning and their applications. An overview of predictive tools and systems.

Unit- III- Human Language technologies

Principles, Techniques, and Models of Natural language focusing on Statistical Machine Learning approach using modern programming libraries.

Unit- IV- Distributed systems: paradigms and models

Unit- V- Intelligent Systems for Pattern Recognition

Designs of A. I based on Solutions and Applications, Presentation of Image processing and signalling; Focus on Pattern recognition problems and models

Unit-VI- Smart applications

Novel Smart Applications, Implementation of Design, Prototype of Smartwork.

Unit- VII- Computational mathematics for learning and data analysis

Use of common Computational Mathematical tools in fields like Statistics, Data fitting, Artificial Intelligence, Approximation, Information Retrieval, and others.

Unit- VIII- Robotics

Fundamentals of Robotics, Application domain for Intelligence Systems, Computer Science, Schemes, and behaviour control

Unit- IX- Semantic web

Semantic Web Technologies, Linked Data, and Wen Languages

Unit- X- Computational modelling of complex systems

Advanced modelling approaches, Case study dynamics, economy, biochemistry, and epidemiology.

List of Artificial Intelligence Important Questions

Students pursuing Bachelors in Technology (B.Tech) or M.Sc can read through the list of all the essential questions mentioned below for the Artificial Intelligence course programme. The given review questions mentioned below aim to help the graduates to excel in the examination.

  • Write a short note on the Tower of Hanoi.
  • Explain briefly how Artificial Intelligence connects to Human-based Nature.
  • Explain how you would formulate a Constraint Satisfaction Problem.
  • Write a short note on the Turing Test.
  • Elucidate the PEAS description for a Vacuum cleaner and give your opinion about heuristic function.
  • Please write a short note on the problem-solving agents along with its algorithms.
  • Define parallel machines.
  • Write a short note on the capabilities of a computer for a Turing test.
  • Define a ridge.
  • Summarize the factors relating to rationality.
  • Formulate Constraint Satisfaction Problem on a brief note.
  • List the different categories of production systems.
  • Demonstrate the condition if a problem is decomposed.
  • Write a short note on Artificial, Alternate, Natural, and Compound keys.
  • Elucidate on the Hybrid Bayesian network.

FAQs on Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes

Question 1.
Define Artificial Intelligence with examples.

Answer:
Artificial Intelligence is an advanced subject that deals with the stimulation of human intelligence in machines programmed to function and think like humans and impersonate human actions.

Example- Tesla is a good example of Artificial Intelligence that shows the shift of automobiles towards AI.

Question 2.
State the importance of Artificial Intelligence in today’s scenario?

Answer:
Artificial Intelligence automates the discovery and learning through data. It analyses deeper and abundant data and achieves accuracy. AI adds intelligence and adapts via advanced algorithms learning. Finally, Artificial Intelligence acquires the most out of data.

Question 3.
Name a few important questions for the Artificial Intelligence course programme.

Answer:

  • Elucidate the PEAS description for a Vacuum cleaner and give your opinion about heuristic function.
  • Please write a short note on the problem-solving agents along with its algorithms.
  • Define parallel machines.
  • Write a short note on the capabilities of a computer for a Turing test.
  • Define a ridge.

Question 4.
What are a few reference books that can elevate your exam preparation?

Answer:

  • The Fifth Edition of Artificial Intelligence, Strategies, and Structures for Complex Problem Solving by George F Luger
  • Book on Artificial Intelligence- A Modern Approach by Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig
  • Artificial Intelligence and Innovations 2007 Book by Pnevmatikakis
  • Book on Introduction to Artificial Intelligence by Wolf Gang, Ertel, and Springer
  • The Fifth Edition of Artificial Intelligence by Rich, Shiv Shankar B Nair, and Kevin Knight

Conclusion

The article on Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes is a credible source of information. It provides accurate and reliable study materials, books and resources that aim to help and enhance a student’s knowledge and comprehension of the subject during preparations and at the time of examination. Students can refer and practice from the provided Artificial Intelligence Lecture Notes,  Books, Important Questions, and Study materials from this article.

Problem Solving and Programming In C Notes and Study Material PDF Free Download

problem-solving-and-programming-in-c-notes

Problem Solving and Programming in C Notes: C is one of the popular programming languages that are simple and flexible. It is a general-purpose programming language that is widely used in different kinds of applications. Operating Systems like Windows and many others are written in C language. Git, Python Interpreter, and Oracle Database are also written in C. This language is often called the base knowledge of programming. If you know this language, it becomes easier for you to learn any other programming language. This is a simple language which can provide faster execution. The demand for C developers is very high in the job market. This programming language can extend itself. It contains various kinds of functions that are part of the library. In this article, you will find complete details about problem-solving and programming of C language Lecture Notes.

Introduction to Problem Solving And Programming In C

Ritchie first developed this language in 1972. It is a structured language that is widely used in the software development field. For every software developer, it is important to know the C language. This language can handle low-level activities and can be compiled easily. This language is primarily used in UNIX. This language is the successor of the B language. C language is used in databases, utilities, text editors, assemblers, operating systems, and language compilers. In C programming course, you will learn this programming language from scratch. You will find all the study materials of this widely used language from this article.

Problem Solving And Programming In C Notes and Study Material PDF Free Download

Anyone interested in making a career in software development should learn C programming. It is because this language is considered as the base language of every other programming language. If you plan to do a course on C programming, you can find the right study material through this article. We have made a list of some important study materials on C programming. You can check out computer programming terminologies once before starting C programming course.

Problem Solving And Programming In C textbook pdf Download
Problem Solving And Programming In C note & Study material Download
Problem Solving And Programming In C notes Download
Introduction to C programming Download

Problem Solving And Programming In C Reference Books

It is a relatively small language, but it is very useful. You need to learn some simple things in C programming. This language was mainly discovered so that programmers can interact with the machines efficiently. To learn this language, you must read the right set of books. We have made a list of some important books on C language.

  • C Programming Absolute Beginner’s Guide.
  • C Programming Language.
  • The C Programming Language 2nd Edition.
  • C Programming: A Modern Approach.
  • Expert C Programming: Deep Secrets.
  • C: The Complete Reference.
  • Head First C: A Brain-Friendly Guide.
  • Computer Fundamentals and Programming in C.
  • Low-Level Programming by Igor Zhirkov
  • C in a Nutshell by Peter Prinz & Tony Crawford

Problem Solving And Programming In C Curriculum

Before starting the course on C programming, you must know the syllabus. It is crucial to understand the syllabus. The syllabus of C programming varies depending on the type of course and institution. However, the basic structure of the C programming’s syllabus remains the same. In this article, you will get to know about the necessary details taught in C programming.

C Programming Language Syllabus

Fundamentals of C Language

About C tutorial

Important points about C

Why Use C

Applications of C

C Language and English Language

Features of C

C, C++ and Java

Overview of C Language

History of C

First Program in C Hello World

Basic Structure of C Programming

Tokens in C

Keywords in C

Identifiers in C

Format Specifiers

Format Specifiers Examples

Data Types in C Language

Introduction to Data Types in C

int Data Type in C

float Data Type in C

double Data Type in C

char Data Type in C

Variable in C Language

Variable Introduction in C

Variable Declaration and Initialization

Variable types and Scope in C

Local Variable in C

static Variable in C

Global variables in C

Storage Class in C

Constant in C Language

Constants in C

Operators and Enums in C Language

Introduction to Operator

Arithmetic Operators in C

Relational Operators in C

Bit-wise Operators in C

Logical Operators in C

Assignment Operators in C

Conditional Operator in C

size of() Operator in C

Operator Precedence

Decision Making of C Language

Decision Making in C Introduction

if Statement

if-else Statement

Nested if Statement

if-else if Ladder

switch case

Loop control in C Language

Loop Introduction in C

while loop in C

do-while Loop In C

for Loop in C

Control Flow in C Programming

break Statement in C

continue Statement in C

goto statement in C

Array in C Language

Single Dimensional Array

Multi-Dimensional Array in C

String in C Language

Introduction to String

Function in C Language

Function in C

Function Calling in C

return type in Function

Call by Value in C

User Define Function

Predefined Functions

String functions in C

All String Functions

strcat() function

strncat() function

strcpy() function

strncpy() function

strlen() function

strcmp() function

strcmpi() function

strchr() function

strrchr() function

strstr() function

strrstr() function

strdup() function

strlwr() function

strupr() function

strrev() function

strset() function

strnset() function

strtok() function

Recursion in c

Introduction to Recursion

Direct and Indirect Recursion

Pointer in C Language

Pointer in C

types of pointer

NULL pointer

Dangling Pointer

Void/Generic Pointers

Wild Pointer

Near, Far and Huge Pointer

Pointer Expressions and Arithmetic

Pointer and Array

Strings as pointers

Pointer to Function

Call by Reference in C

Structure in C Language

Structure in C

Nested Structure in C

The array of Structures in C

Pointer to Structure

Structure to Function in C

typedef in C

typedef vs #define in C

Union in C Language

Union in C

File Input/Output

Introduction to File

File Operation in c

Dynamic Memory Allocation

Introduction to DMA

calloc() and free() function

realloc() and free() function

C Pre-processor

Introduction about Pre-processor

List of Problem Solving And Programming In C Important questions

  • What is the difference between ++i and i++?
  • Give a brief note on the volatile keyword.
  • What are the basic data types related to C?
  • Explain syntax errors.
  • How can you create a decrement and increment statement in C?
  • Explain dangling pointer in C.
  • What is called the prototype function in C?
  • What is a header file? Explain its usage in C programming.
  • Explain pointer on a pointer in C language.
  • How can you save data in a stack data structure type?

FAQs on Problem Solving and Programming in C Notes

Question 1.
What is called the C language?

Answer:
C is one of the popular programming languages that are simple and flexible. It is a general-purpose programming language that is widely used in different kinds of applications.

Question 2.
What kind of software is written in the C language?

Answer:
Operating Systems like Windows and many others are written in C language. Git, Python Interpreter, and Oracle Database are also written in C.

Question 3.
When was C language developed?

Answer:

Ritchie first developed the C language in 1972. It is a structured language that is widely used in the software development field.

Question 4.
Is it tough to learn the C language?

Answer:
It is not that difficult to learn the C language. C language is often called the base language in programming. After learning the C language, it becomes easier to learn other programming languages like C++, Java, C# etc.

Conclusion

The information provided above regarding the syllabus and study materials for C programming will help in your study. If you have any other questions regarding C programming study materials, please let us know in the comment section.