GitHub vs. GitLab: Difference Between GitHub and GitLab | Which is Right For You?

GitHub vs. GitLab Difference Between GitHub and GitLab

GitHub vs. GitLab: Difference Between GitHub and GitLab: Both GitLab and GitHub refer to the topmost web-based repositories aiding in the management of codes and file sharing with any other remote repository. Because the files on the internet change often, all of the data gets stored in a repository and may be accessed at any time. Both GitHub and GitLab are required for Git development to track changes in a source code.

Making changes to existing source code and, in some cases, developing new source code is all part of the software development life cycle (SDLC). However, because most developers were working on separate portions of the code at the same time, the changes in the code may sometimes conflict. This will very certainly create unwelcome flaws in the software. While these may not have an immediate impact on software development, they may cause severe faults in the future, making it difficult to pinpoint the error zone.

Refer to this article on GitHub vs. GitLab: Difference Between GitHub and GitLab to become familiar with the Pros and Cons of each one of them and choose based on your requirement.

Key Differences and Similarities between GitHub and GitLab

Repository management like GitHub and GitLab comes in handy here. They safeguard the source code against defects and inconsistencies. Running the code files via either of the two systems makes it simple to track changes. It can be tough to pick between GitHub and GitLab because they are both version control systems (VCS).

The most significant distinction between the two is that, while GitHub is a remote code review and management platform, GitLab is primarily focused on DevOps and CI/CD. GitLab has currently gained immense popularity as the company continuously adds the latest features to make it user-friendly and also more competitive. On the other hand, GitHub is more popular among developers because it holds millions of repositories.

GitHub vs. GitLab: What’s the Difference?

Let’s compare and contrast GitHub with GitLab. Both GitHub and GitLab allow developers to manage source code and keep track of local file changes. These updates can also be shared with a remote repository by developers. However, there are substantial distinctions between the two systems.

Feature GitHub GitLab
Fees With publicly published codes, GitHub projects are free and open to everybody. GitLab is a code repository where only its team of web engineers may collaborate.
Location In the free plan, GitHub does not allow you to locate a repository within an organization. While making use of the free plan, GitLab lets the users locate a repository within an organization.
Issue Tracker The issue tracker supports pulling requests, which means that when issues are merged to another repository, they are automatically closed. The issue tracker allows users to link issues to PRs so that they can be closed automatically.
Documentation GitHub documents are structured into a series of guidelines, each of which focuses on a different platform. GitLab docs are like the language documentation where they include a search bar and a list of all the required documents by the installer.
Integration In GitHub, there is no built-in continuous integration. Instead, third-party providers are in charge of providing it. GitLab has a built-in integration that works well. However, they prefer to use their integration tools, which are constantly updated.
Authentication Authenticating who has access to and who does not have access to the repository can be done based on their function. A developer can decide whether or not someone should be able to access a repository in this situation.
Community GitHub is home to a sizable developer community. It has millions of active users for debating the issues. GitLab offers community events bringing the open-source contributors together.
Platform It has a development platform where projects can be stored. In addition, it has features like task management, bug tracking, and so on. GitLab refers to a web-based DevOps tool to better manage the internal repositories.
Inner-sourcing Internal repositories can be sourced from within by developers. Inner sourcing is not allowed in GitLab.
Confidential Issues This module produces the private issues only visible to project participants. The confidential issue feature is also absent in GitLab.

Github Pros and Cons

Here are the pros of Github:

  • For the open-source codebase, this is an incredible system.
  • Allows for simple sharing
  • It offers pull requests and comments and has a sophisticated and user-friendly UI.
  • It has a sizable population
  • Remote collaboration is possible because of the simple setup.
  • It has features that make it simple to control.

Here are the cons of Github:

  • It doesn’t have a great API development team
  • For the ones looking for a private repository, it’s a bit pricier.
  • It does not have many features.

Do Refer:

GitLab Pros and Cons

Here are the pros of GitLab:

  • It has a steady stream of fresh features
  • Availability of code reviews as well as the Pull requests.
  • Has a fantastic CLI experience
  • Provides package management services.
  • The CI/CD lifecycle is supported.
  • Codes are simple to maintain.

Here are the cons of GitLab:

  • Problematic upgrade procedure
  • Some enterprise-level functionalities are missing.
  • The program has many bugs
  • a small group of people constitutes the community

Conclusion

GitLab may be better if you have more flexible requirements and you wish to save some money. However, if you’re going to put your faith in a community of over 40 million developers, GitHub is the way to go. Because of its big community and user-configurable structure, GitHub availability is higher and more prevalent among developers. In contrast, GitLab is powerful and offers more entrepreneur-friendly features and plans. GitLab has several noticeable advantages over GitHub, including creating an unlimited number of private repositories and a built-in continuous integration system.

The platform each ideology presents is the main distinction between GitHub and GitLab. GitLab is more focused on giving a features-based system with a centralized, integrated platform for web developers, whereas GitHub offers superior availability and focuses more on infrastructure performance. If you’re working on a larger project with a group of developers, GitHub may be the best option. GitLab, on the other side, can be used if the project requires continuous integration.

Categories Git

Git: Add only modified / deleted files and ignore new files ( i.e. Untracked files ) using “git add -u”

How to add only modified / deleted files and ignore new files ( i.e. Untracked files ) using “git add -u”

In this article we will discuss about adding only modified / deleted files and ignore new files ( i.e. Untracked files ) using “git add -u”. So let’s go through the article to understand this.

Command to skip new files / folders while adding other files to git :

Sometimes we need to add only the old files that previously existed and not the newly created ones. This can be done by the following commands. Here git only adds the files whom Git previously knows.

$ git add -u <pathspec>

OR

$ git add --update <pathspec>

The <pathspec> is used to specify the path from which the files are to be added. It might be a particular file, a folder or all the files and folders under the project.

To add all the existing or deleted files and folders to the staging area, we can use

$ git add -u

Example :

We will first check the status of our git project in the master branch

$ git status

Output :
On branch master
Changes not staged for commit:
(use "git add/rm <file>..." to update what will be committed)
(use "git restore <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)
modified:   imp.md
modified:  notes.txt
deleted:    ignore.md
Untracked files:
(use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)
build.xml
include/
src/
test/
no changes added to commit (use "git add" and/or "git commit -a")

We have following changes waiting to be added in staging area of git,

  1. Many untracked files i.e. new files, folders, sub folders and files under those folders.
  2. Two modified tracked files i.e README.md and notes.txt
  3. One tracked file is deleted i.e. ignore.md

Now we run the command

$ git add -u      

Output :
On branch master
Changes to be committed:
(use "git restore --staged <file>..." to unstage)
modified:   imp.md
modified:  notes.txt
deleted:    ignore.md
Untracked files:
(use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)
build.xml
include/
src/
test/

Finally we commit

$ git commit -m "Adding only modified & deleted files."

We can check the status now, the untracked files will still be there.

$ git status
Output :
On branch master
Untracked files:
(use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)
build.xml
include/
src/
test/
nothing added to commit but untracked files present (use "git add" to track)

So that’s how we can add only the tracked files and skip the new files.

Categories Git

Git : How to recursively add all files or folders to a repository?

How to recursively add all files or folders to a repository ?

Git Command to recursively add all files / folders of the project to stagging area

It adds all the files(new, modified or even deleted) that were there throughout the project irrespective of the location from where the command is being executed.

git add -A                   

OR

git add –all

Git Command to recursively add all files / sub-folders only in current directory to stagging area

The above command is okay for all files but if we want to add files from the active directory only we can use

git add .

Important point about “git add -A”

The command git add -A can be executed from any directory. However, it will only move the files  to the staging area from the project folder only. To add files from a specific folder we have to use the other command git add .

Using “git add -A”

We will first check the status of our git project in the master branch

$ git status

Output
On branch master
Changes not staged for commit:
  (use "git add/rm <file>..." to update what will be committed)
  (use "git restore <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)
        modified:   imp.md
        modified:  notes.txt
        deleted:    ignore.md
Untracked files:
  (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)
        build.xml
        include/
        src/
        test/
no changes added to commit (use "git add" and/or "git commit -a")

We have following changes waiting to be added in staging area of git,

  1. Many untracked files i.e. new files, folders, sub folders and files under those folders.
  2. Two modified tracked files i.e README.md and notes.txt
  3. One tracked file is deleted i.e. ignore.md

Now to add these changes to the staging area,

$ git add -A

We can recheck the status to check if all our files have moved to the staged area

$ git status

Output
On branch master
Changes to be committed:
  (use "git restore --staged <file>..." to unstage)
        modified:   imp.md
        modified:   notes.txt
        new file:   build.xml
        new file:   include/utility.h
        new file:   src/mainfile.cc
        new file:   src/utility.cc
        renamed:    ignore.md -> test/first.md
        new file:   test/lib/testutil.lib
        new file:   test/second.test

Finally we can commit the files in the staging area

$ git commit -m “Adding all files & folders under the project”

Using “git add .”

Let’s take the same situation for this example too

$ git status

Output
On branch master
Changes not staged for commit:
  (use "git add/rm <file>..." to update what will be committed)
  (use "git restore <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)
        modified:   imp.md
        modified:  notes.txt
        deleted:    ignore.md
Untracked files:
  (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)
        build.xml
        include/
        src/
        test/
no changes added to commit (use "git add" and/or "git commit -a")

We have following changes waiting to be added in staging area of git,

  1. Many untracked files i.e. new files, folders, sub folders and files under those folders.
  2. Two modified tracked files i.e README.md and notes.txt
  3. One tracked file is deleted i.e. ignore.md

However we dont want to add all the files, we only want files from a particular folder to be added say test folder. Let’s check what files are in test folder

$ ll test/

Output
total 0
-rw-r--r-- 1 user 197609 0 Jun  2 20:27 first.test
drwxr-xr-x 1 user 197609 0 Jun  2 20:27 lib/
-rw-r--r-- 1 user 197609 0 Jun  2 20:27 second.test

Now to move the files, we will go inside the test folder,

$ cd test/


$ pwd

From here we can add the files from this folder to the staging area

$ git add .


$ git status

Output
 

On branch master
Changes to be committed:
  (use "git restore --staged <file>..." to unstage)
        new file:   first.test
        new file:   lib/testutil.lib
        new file:   second.test
Changes not staged for commit:
  (use "git add/rm <file>..." to update what will be committed)
  (use "git restore <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)
        modified:   ../README.md
        deleted:    ../notes.txt
Untracked files:
  (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)
        ../build.xml
        ../include/
        ../src/

This shows that all the files from test folder were added however he other folder files are not added. Finally commit

$ git commit -m “Adding files & folders under the test folder of project”

Output
[master 5eadb58] Adding files & folders under the test folder of project
 3 files changed, 0 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 test/first.test
 create mode 100644 test/lib/testutil.lib
 create mode 100644 test/second.test

 

Categories Git