C Language Handwritten Notes and Study Material PDF Free Download

The C Language Handwritten Notes PDF: Students searching high and low for the C Language Notes can access excellent notes here to save their time. They can straightforwardly jump to revision for their exam. Students can refer to the Big Data Lecture Notes For CSE as per the latest and updated syllabus from this article.

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Introduction to C Language Programming

C is a procedural language, which computer programmers use to create a list of computer-related instructions.  Furthermore, C is a language, which humans can read and computers can interpret to execute the command given to the machine.

Every computer programmer should learn the C Language basics since it is the core computer programming language that they need to operate the system Moreover, every engineer should be well-versed with the C Language to execute the programming of machines. The C Language is essential as it will boost up your knowledge to learn other programming languages. The preliminary knowledge of C Language will enable you to learn the latest programming languages faster, such as C++, JavaScript, Python, etc.

Thus, studying from the C Language Handwritten Notes PDF is the best technique to grasp more in less time.

Study Material and C Programming Notes for B. Tech 1st-year PDF.

Computer Science and Information Technology students aspiring to get good grades in their first-year exam should build a strong foundation for programming by studying the C Language Handwritten Notes PDF.

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The Best C Language Reference Books

The best C Language reference books help to clarify conceptual knowledge. Students can build a strong foundation when they refer to books that subject experts recommend.

Aspirants would be better positioned if they consult the latest edition that contains the updated syllabus.  Here is a list of highly recommended books for C Language.

1 Absolute beginner’s guide to C (The Third Edition) Greg Perry
2 C Programming A Modern Approach (The Second Edition) K. N. King
3 The C Programming Language (The Second Edition) Dennis Ritchie and Brian W. Kernighan
4 Let us C Yashavant Kanetkar
5 Programming in Objective C  Stephen G. Kochan
6 C-How to Program  Paul and Harvey Deite
7 Algorithms in C  Robert Sedgewick
8 C: The complete reference  Herbert Schildt
9 Programming in ANSI C  E. Balaguruswamy
10 The C Puzzle Alan Feuer
11 Expert C programming  Peter Van Der Linden
12 Head First C Ben Kiemens
13 Learn C The Hard Way Zed A. Shaw
14 C Pocket Reference O’Reilly

C Language Curriculum

Students who study according to the syllabus are well-organized and know how to manage their time. It helps you to target your course syllabus with a clear understanding. The C Language curriculum is the outline of your course. Here is a detailed overview of the C Language course content.

Unit Topics Sub-topics
Unit I Introduction to Principles of Programming
  • Introduction to programming
  • Programming domain: Scientific application, Artificial intelligence, Business applications, and systems programming
  • Web software categories of programming languages: Assembly level languages, Machine level languages, and High-level languages programming.
  • Performance analysis and measurements: Time and space complexity
  • Methodologies: Top, down, and bottom UP program development cycle with a case study, program execution and translation process, problem-solving using algorithms and flowcharts 
Unit II Introduction to C Programming
  • C’s Basic structure and features
  • Simple C programs
  • Integer Constants
  • Character Constants
  • Backslash Character Constants
  • Real Constants
  • String Constants
  • Concept of variable and an integer
  • Variable naming rules
  • Assigning values to variables
Unit III Operators and Expression
  • Unary operators
  • Arithmetic operators
  • The conditional operator
  • Bitwise operators
  • Relational and logical operators
  • The increment and decrement operators
  • Precedence of operators
  • The operator’s size
  • Library functions
Unit IV Data Types and Input/Output Operators
  • Floating point numbers
  • Mixed-mode expressions
  • Converting integers to floating-point and vice-versa
  • The typecast operator
  • Character input and output
  • The type char
  • Formatted input and output
  • Keywords
  • Interactive programming
  • The gets(), and puts() functions
Unit V Control Statements and Decision Making
  • The if-statement
  • The goto-statement
  • The if-else-statement
  • The conditional expression
  • Nesting of if-statement
  • The switch statement
  • The while loop
  • The for loop
  • The do-while loop
  • Nesting of for-loops
  • The break statement and continue statement.
Unit VI Arrays and Strings
  • Strings
  • One-dimensional array
  • Multi-dimensional arrays
  • Passing arrays to functions
Unit VII Pointers-I
  • Pointers’ basics
  • Pointers and One-dimensional Arrays
  • Pointer Subtraction and Comparison
  • Pointer Arithmetic
  • Similarities between Pointers and One-dimensional Arrays
Unit VIII Pointers-II
  • Pointers and strings
  • Null pointers
  • Arrays of pointers
  • Pointers and two-dimensional arrays
Unit IX Structures and Unions
  • Structures’ Basics
  • Structures’ Arrays
  • Pointers to structures
  • Self-referential structures
  • Unions
Unit X Functions
  • Function basics
  • Function philosophy
  • Function prototypes
  • Passing Parameters: passing a string to a function, passing parameter by value and passing parameter by reference
  • Passing an array to a function
  • Structures and Functions
  • Recursion
Unit XI Storage Classes
  • Global variables
  • External variables
  • Static variables
  • Automatic or local variables
  • Storage classes and visibility
Unit XII The Preprocessor
  • Macro Definition and substitution
  • File inclusion
  • Macros and arguments
  • Conditional compilation
  • Nesting of Macros
Unit XIII Dynamic Memory Allocations and Linked List
  • Dynamic Memory Allocations
  • Allocating memory with calloc
  • Allocation memory with malloc
  • Reallocating memory blocks
  • Freeing memory
  • Pointer safety
  • Sorting and reversing a linked list
  • The concept of a linked list
  • Deleting the specified node in a singly linked list
  • Inserting a node by using recursive programmes
Unit XIV File Management
  • Defining and opening a file
  • Inputs and outputs operations on files
  • Closing files
  • Error handling during input/output operations
  • Predefined streams
  • Random access to files
  • Command-line arguments

List of C Language Important Questions

Essential questions are a helpful tool to prepare for the upcoming examination. The following list of crucial questions reinforces the lessons of C Language. Practicing test papers and vital questions prior to examination improves students’ accuracy and speed.

Short Questions:

  1. Explain the function prototype with one example.
  2. What are the four logical operators and four arithmetic operators?
  3. Define declaration: Int *ptr;
  4. State one dimensional, five elements integers array-List, and initialize all values.
  5. Elaborate keyword.  What are the two C keywords?
  6. What purpose does the break statement fulfil?
  7. Discuss pointer variables.
  8. Discuss any string handling functions.
  9. Explain formal parameters in functions.
  10. What is the syntax of the if-else statement?
  11. Define an integer constant with an example. Which keywords does Standard ANSI C recognize?

Long Questions:

  1. Mention four storage classes.  Elaborate with anyone.
  2. Discuss the definition of an Array. Explain the method to declare and initialize 1-D arrays in C.  Discuss the limitations of an array. Write a programme to perform the addition of 3 x 3 matrices using an array.
  3. What is the use of malloc() and calloc() in dynamic memory?
  4. How will you format your programme to swap two numbers without involving the third variable?
  5. Explain the User Defined Function. What are the function declaration, function definition, and function call with syntax?  Give suitable examples.
  6. How will you employ the following file handling function: fopen(), fclose(), fseek(), ftell(), rewind()?
  7. Define the flowchart and enumerate the symbols used to draw it. Illustrate a flowchart to search for the minimum of the given three numbers.
  8. Draw a program such that you will reach with the following output with the help of loop structure.

1 2 3 4

1  2  3

1  2


FAQ’s on the C Language Handwritten Notes

Question 1.
What is a C Language?

C is the principle of programming language. It is a highly-sought-after learning base for students to attempt computer programming. Dennis M. Ritchie developed the language in 1972 for the UNIX operating system.  Today, it is one of the most extensively used computer programming languages.

Question 2.
Mention a few of the best and recommended book for C Language.

The bible of C Language is the book- The C Programming Language (The Second Edition). Mr Dennis Ritchie is the author of this book. Beginners should refer to Greg Perry’s Absolute Beginner’s Guide to C (The Third Edition). Here are the highlights of a few best books for C Language.

  • C Programming: A Modern Approach (The Second Edition)
  • The Complete Reference (The Fourth Edition)
  • Computer Fundamentals and Programming in C
  • Low-level Programming: C, Assembly, and Program Execution
  • C in a Nutshell: The Definitive Reference (The Second Edition)

Question 3.
What is the importance of studying the C Language programme?

Computer science students or aspirants who have an interest in computer programming should learn the C Language. The C Language Handwritten Notes PDF is a handy tool to help you learn the C Language.  You will grow familiarity with basic programming concepts, such as variables, assignments statements, loops, and function. There is plenty of career scope after learning C Language programming.

Question 4.
What are the essential questions for C Language programming?

Essential questions have a greater probability of appearing in the final question paper.  Thus, the students must learn the answers to the most recurring questions.

  • Mention four storage classes. Elaborate with anyone.
  • Discuss the definition of an Array. Explain the method to declare and initialize 1-D arrays in C.
  • Discuss the limitations of an array. Write a programme to perform the addition of 3 × 3 matrices using an array.
  • What is the use of malloc() and calloc() in dynamic memory?

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Students should rely on genuine and reliable C Language Handwritten Notes PDF to build a strong foundation. Aspiring candidates can expand their knowledge when they get high-quality study material.  You can have free access to easy C Language Handwritten Notes PDF download.