Bridge Engineering Notes | Syllabus, Reference Books and Important Questions

Bridge Engineering Notes: Bridge Engineering is an important subject for the students of Civil Engineering. It is the entire study that deals with the methods and techniques involved in the development and setup of the bridges. The subject involves several practical based learning to help the students in understanding various scenarios and how to build the right bridges for varying needs. Students can refer to the Big Data Lecture Notes For CSE as per the latest and updated syllabus from this article.

This article contains several contents that will add up to help the students in getting the best preparation and pass several examinations with flying colours. Additionally, the contents will also help the students in having a successful career and come up with the best solutions for bridge developments for varying needs.

The article contains the introduction of the subject first to help the students have a clear idea about what the entire subject and its concepts are all about. Further, it also includes some professionally designed lecture notes and study materials to help different students with different needs and provide the perfect study material and learning resource to them.

Furthermore, the article also contains a list of reference books that will add up to the entire learning process and provide the students with better assistance in case they have stuck anywhere in the notes and learning resources. All the materials, lecture notes, and reference books contain many descriptions and contents that are individually very effective for the best preparation procedure.

The list of important questions about the topic and some frequently asked questions are also there to help the students in getting an idea about the type of asked questions and thus help them in having more practice, and to resolve the basic queries of the students related to the subject, respectively.

Below mentioned is the list of all the contents involved in this article to help the students in the best possible manner ever:

Introduction to Bridge Engineering

Nature is the builder of the first bridge, just like the fallen mud or trees across the rivers to help the people cross them easily. Then, the humans came up with the production of the bridges, initially with the wooden logs and the planks, and then finally moving on to the stones, iron, and cement, after the span of more than a thousand years.

Previously, the ancient bridges did not have better support for withstanding the heavier weight and stronger currents. To enhance the usage and ensure the effectiveness of them, better development techniques came out for the bridges.

Further, Hubert Gautier named expert came up with the first Bridge engineering book in 1716. Further, as the industrial revolution began in the 19th century, wrought iron’s truss systems developed for the larger bridges, but iron also has lower tensile strength for supporting the larger loads. Then Engineers came up with the idea to use steel, and this is the modern trend of building the larger bridges.

Definition: A bridge is a structure built for providing a passage over the road, chasm, river, or any other hurdle. The purpose that it is required to serve and the area where it is to be set up describes the design and structure of the bridge.

Bridges are mainly classified on the bases of the major four forces, which are compression, shear, moment, and tension.

Bridges are important parts of the modern railway transportation systems and highways. They serve as the key lifeline in the social infrastructure system.

Bridge Engineering Notes and Study material PDF Free Download

Bridge Engineering Notes and study materials are very significant in the learning of the subject. The entire subject is mainly a practical based one that involves several example sets on what to be considered while developing the bridges. The subject also carries a brief about different situations where different designs and materials of the bridges are preferred.

Bridge Engineering notes are specially designed after going through various scenarios to involve all the example-sets and topics to be considered during the development of the types of bridges. These notes are essential to make the students aware of various scenarios and how to take actions based on different bridge development needs.

The notes also carry several easily understandable descriptions for the concepts and the added examples and problem statements to help the students in learning everything briefly and stay away from confusions between the scenarios and types. The experts hired for developing the notes and study materials are highly qualified professionals who also have experience in the field. Further, all the faculties come together and share their experiences, and then they together compile the notes to add every briefing about all the basic and the advance level concepts of the subject.

The notes available are easily downloadable and accessible on multiple devices, ensuring that the students can access them anytime and anywhere, even while requiring any professional assistance.

Bridge Engineering Reference Books

Reference books are the best-recommended books of the subjects that will surely help the students in enhancing the preparation and get additional assistance while learning any topics and concepts. The books are compiled by the well-known experts of the subject, having immense knowledge of various concepts and the idea of tackling different scenarios of Bridge Engineering.

Having reference from these recommended books along with the notes and study materials will help the students in boosting up the entire learning process and get an idea about the varying needs of bridge development. These books are easily available in the market for the global students to help them get the best descriptions and examples for the difficult concepts of Bridge Engineering.

After thorough research and analysis, we came up with a list of some best reference books for Bridge Engineering aspirants. These books are preferred widely and recommended by the best professionals, too for understanding and learning Bridge Engineering. Additionally, from the basic concepts to advance ones and explanations of the varying scenarios, Bridge Engineering reference books have everything that a student might ever require.

Given below are the best reference books for Bridge Engineering students to have expert assistance:

  1. Essentials of Bridge Engineering by Johnson Victor, Oxford & IBH
  2. Design of Bridges by N. Krishna Raju, Oxford & IBH
  3. Design of Concrete Bridges by M.G. Aswani, V.N. Vazirani and M.M. Ratwani.
  4. Bridge Deck Behaviour by E.C. Hambly.
  5. Design of Bridges by V.V. Sastry, Dhanpat Rai & Co
  6. Concrete Bridge Design and Practice by V.K. Raina.
  7. Design of Bridge Structures by Jagadeesh & Jayaram, PHI learning Pvt. Ltd.
  8. IRC: 112, 2011, Code of Practice for Concrete Road Bridges.

Bridge Engineering Curriculum

Bridge Engineering is a vast subject having many topics and confusing concepts. Since the entire subject relies on practical based learning, it is essential to have the syllabus of the curriculum of the subject handy for following the right sequence for learning and get an idea about the involved topics in advance. Bridge engineering curriculum plays a vital role in the entire knowledge grasping and subject understanding process and is effective in ensuring effective learning free of any confusion.

While learning the concepts according to the syllabus, the students will follow the right sequence for learning several concepts and also properly understand the related concepts. This will thus ensure that the students will understand every topic in-depth.

Furthermore, the syllabus and curriculum of Bridge Engineering are approved by many top organizations and institutions, and thus learning, according to it will also help in following the right track in college-level preparation. Also, the students can use the syllabus to arrange the relevant notes and study materials too and avoid spending more time of college preparation in the unnecessary topics that do not have any weightage in the examinations.

Bridge Engineering Curriculum’s updated syllabus is mentioned below for the students:

UNIT – I: Concrete Bridges
  • Introduction
  • Types of Bridges
  • Economic span length
  • Types of loading
  • Dead load live load
  • Impact Effect
  • Centrifugal force
  • Wind loads
  • Lateral loads
  • Longitudinal forces
  • Seismic loads
  • Frictional resistance of expansion bearings
  • Secondary Stresses
  • Temperature Effect
  • Erection Forces and effects
  • Width of roadway and footway
  • General Design Requirements.
UNIT – II: Solid slab Bridges
  • Introduction
  • Method of Analysis and Design.
UNIT – III: Girder Bridges
  • Introduction
  • Method of Analysis and Design
  • Courbon’s Theory
  • Grillage analogy
UNIT – IV: Prestressed Concrete Bridges
  • Basic principles
  • General Design requirements
  • Mild steel reinforcement in prestressed concrete
  • Concrete cover 
  • The spacing of prestressing steel Slender beams
  • Composite Section
  • Propped
  • Design of Propped Composite Section
  • Unproposed composite section
  • Two-stage Prestressing
  • Shrinking stresses
  • General Design requirements for Road Bridges.
UNIT – V: Analysis of Bridge Decks
  • Harmonic analysis and folded plate theory
  • Grillage analogy
  • Finite strip method 
  • FEM
  • Sub-structure of bridges
  • Beds block
  • Piers
  • Pier Dimensions
  • Design loads for piers
  • Abutments
  • Design loads for Abutments.

List of Bridge Engineering Important Questions

List of important questions provides a brief idea about the type of questions asked in several examinations and how one must prepare themselves for various university and competitive level examinations. These questions also help the students in enhancing the entire practice and preparation and thus get the best results in the examinations.

Here is a list of some of the most important questions of Bridge Engineering:

  1. What is the shape of the bridge pier design? Why is it so?
  2. Explain the relationship between CVPD and PCU.
  3. Differentiate between special maintenance and routine.
  4. Explain the best type of cement to be used in the construction of bridges across the regions of high temperature.
  5. What are the essential materials for building a walk bridge?
  6. What factors play an important role in the foundation design of a bridge?
  7. What materials are required for preparing the pillars carrying the main bridge?
  8. How can we find the culvert percentage in the work progress for making the bell of the invoice?
  9. What is a retaining wall?
  10. Explain the guidelines for the structural design of the flyovers.
  11. What are the needs of a Bridge foundation?
  12. Explain the common issues of the steel bridges.
  13. Explain the types of bridges.
  14. Explain the scientific way of bridge construction.
  15. Describe the precautions to be taken during the testing of a bridge.
  16. Describe the advantages of having a closed box shape in the hollow box girder bridge.
  17. Explain how to lay the foundation for a bridge.
  18. Explain bent.
  19. How can we prevent bridge disasters?
  20. What are the types of pre-cost bridges and cost bridges?

Frequently Asked Questions on Bridge Engineering Notes

Question 1. 
What is a Cantilever Bridge?

Cantilever Bridges mainly carry heavier loads over a water body. Thus, the construction of such bridges begins with the sinking of the caissons and erecting the towers and anchorages. For the steel cantilever bridges, the steel frame is built between the towers and the centre of the design. In case of needing the shorter spans, it usually floats out and raises into the right place. Finally, the deck is added to the bridge.

Question 2. 
How can the Bridge Engineers prevent Bridge disasters?

Bridge Engineers play a vital role in the prevention of Bridge-related disasters. Certain measures that they can follow to avoid it are as follows:

  1. Designing the bridge at a higher height than the general flood level of the region for avoiding the debris collisions and lifted supports.
  2. There must be a passage to allow the water or larger debris to pass through the bridge for creating better resistance.
  3. Use cleaner span bridges that can go over the channels without exposure of the supports.
    Make better design standards.
  4. Creating customized and flexible fabrications so that the bridges can withstand the earthquakes.


This article plays an important role for the students in civil Engineering. It contains several important lecture notes and reference books which have all the example-based references and descriptions of the concepts of bridge engineering to help the students boost their preparations. This article is important for the university level preparation of the students as well as to help them learn well on how to handle different situations and come up to the best measure for various scenarios in their career.